The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 2008. website, Sphecidae sensu lato site, Individual genus PDF files
  • Arnett Jr., R. 1985. American Insects. New York: Macmillan of Canada.
  • Baker, J., S. Bambara. 1999. "North Carolina Pest News" (On-line). Accessed February 21, 2001 at
  • Bohart, R., A. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World: a generic revision. Berkeley, California, USA: University of California Press.
  • Charles L. Hogue, 1974. Insects of the Los Angeles Basin. Los Angeles: Natural History Museum Foundation.
  • Jaeger, E. 1947. A Source-Book of Biological Names and Terms. Springfield, Illinois, USA: Charles C. Thomas.
  • Mark F. O'Brien, 1998. "The Sphecid Wasps of Michigan" (On-line). Accessed February 25, 2001 at
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at
  • Ruggiero M. (project leader), Ascher J. et al. (2015). ITIS Bees: World Bee Checklist (version Sep 2009). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.


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