Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Live in flowing water with a sandy substrate; can be very abundant in suitable habitats; bury themselves in sand leaving only the head exposed and snap food particles such as minute aquatic animals; produce about 12-16 large eggs which suggests some form of parental care (Ref. 94654)
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Distribution

Africa: widespread in the tributaries of the middle and lower Zambezi River, and the Pungwe, Buzi and Save river basins; also tributaries of Lake Malawi (Ref. 86935, 94654).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 6 - 7; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 10 - 12; Vertebrae: 35 - 38
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Size

Max. size

3.8 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 86935)); 4.12 cm SL (female)
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Diagnostic Description

This species is distinguished from Z. conspicuus, Z. lacustris and Z. maravensis in the narrow premaxillary tooth patch and the long lateral line (extending beyond base of anal fin); from Z. kunenensis in a narrower premaxillary tooth patch and the greater number of branched caudal rays (14-16 cf. 11-14); from Z. kavangoensis in a longer lateral line, extending beyond anal fin and usually past adipose cf. above anterior to middle of anal fin; from Z. kafuensis and Z. pallidus in the longer lateral line and the greater number of caudal rays (14-16 cf. 9-13) and pectoral-fin rays (7-8 cf. 5-7) (Ref. 86935). Ground colour pale brownish; head brownish; a series of darker bars across the dorsal surface of the body, often with paler centres on the lateral parts; about eight dark patches, often elongated, mid-laterally along the flanks, the first below the dorsal fin and the last at the end of the caudal peduncle; a third series of small faint spots ventro-laterally from above the pelvic to the caudal peduncle (Ref. 86935).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Type Information

Paratype for Zaireichthys monomotapa Eccles et al.
Catalog Number: USNM 220957
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1960
Locality: Sabi River, Eastern Rhodesia, Zimbabwe, Africa
  • Paratype: Eccles, D. H., et al. 15 Apr 2011. Smithiana: Bulletin. 13: 16, Figs. 14, 15, 16, 3e.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Ecology

Habitat

Environment

benthopelagic; freshwater
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries:
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© FishBase

Source: FishBase

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!