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BiologyDeep-water species collected by bottom long-line at depths 1036-1163 m by hooks. Visual observations of both type specimens, which were keeping alive in container filled with marine water, demonstrate the maintaining of the mental barbel in a horizontal position parallel to the ground when fishes were immovable. In swimming fishes, the mental barbel was pushed back over or alongside the snout by flowing water. P. brevibarbata evidently belongs to the mostly predatory species, which also opportunistically feeds as necrophage. The stomach of the female, captured 20 January 2010, contained (besides the bait, giant Peruvian squid, Dosidicus gigas) the remains of a large crustacean, probably Antarctic shrimp, Notocrangon antarcticus. State of ovaries with traces of recent spawning corresponds to early SGM VI-III, GSI 1.3. The length, width and depth of the left ovary attain about 44, 18 and 6.5 mm correspondently. The liver fills in length about 1/3 of the abdominal cavity; hepatosomatic index reaches 1.6 (Ref. 92304).