The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Baroni Urbani, C. 1980. First description of fossil gardening ants (Amber Collection Stuttgart and Natural History Museum Basel, Hymenoptera: Formicidae. 1: Attini). Stuttgarter Beitraege zur Naturkunde Serie B (Geologie und Palaeontologie) No. 54: 1-13.
  • Bolton, B. 1995. A New General Catalogue of the Ants of the World. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification Guide to the Ant Genera of the World. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. 370 pp. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, Vol. 71. Gainesville, FL.
  • Brandão, C. R. F. and A. J. Mayhé-Nunes. 2001. A new fungus-growing ant genus, Mycetagroicus gen. n., with the description of three new species and comments on the monophyly of the Attini. Sociobiology 38: 639-665.
  • Chapela, I. H., S. A. Rehner, T. R. Schultz, and U. G. Mueller. 1994. Evolutionary history of the symbiosis between fungus-growing ants and their fungi. Science 266 (5191): 1691-1694.
  • Currie, C. R., B. Wong, A. E. Stuart, T. R. Schultz, S. A. Rehner, U. G. Mueller, G. H. Sung, J. W. Spatafora, and N. A. Straus. 2003. Ancient tripartite coevolution in the attine ant-microbe symbiosis. Science 299 (5605): 386-388.
  • Hölldobler, B. and E. O. Wilson. 1990. The Ants. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Lattke, J. E. 1999. A new species of fungus-growing ant and its implications for attine phylogeny. Systematic Entomology 24: 1-6.
  • Mueller, U. G., T. R. Schultz, C. R. Currie, R. M. Adams, and D. Malloch. 2001. The origin of the attine ant-fungus mutualism. Quarterly Review of Biology 76(2): 169-197.
  • Schultz, T. R. and R. Meier. 1995. A phylogenetic analysis of the fungus-growing ants based on morphological characters of the larvae. Systematic Entomology 20: 337-370.
  • Villesen, P., T. Murakami, T. R. Schultz, J. J. Boomsma. 2002. Identifying the transition between single and multiple mating of queens in fungus-growing ants. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Biological Sciences Series B 269 (1500): 1541-1548.
  • Wetterer, J. K., T. R. Schultz, and R. Meier. 1998. Phylogeny of fungus-growing ants (Tribe Attini) based on mtDNA sequence and morphology. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 9(1): 42-47.
  • Wheeler, G. C. & Wheeler, J. 1976. Ant larvae: review and synthesis. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Washington 74: 1-108.


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