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Introduction

The Dolichoderinae share the following characters with the Aneuretinae and Formicinae (Bolton 2003):
  • Dorsal cuticular flap of the metapleural gland anteriorly reduced and posteromedially extended
  • Petiole with complete tergosternal fusion
  • Postpygidial glands absent
Synapomorphies of the Dolichoderinae are listed by Bolton (2003):
  • Slit-like junction of pygidium and hypopygium
  • Sting vestigial
  • Pygidial glands producing cyclopenanoid monoterpenes (iridoids)
  • Larvae with reduced hairs
  • Reduced (sensilliform) larval maxillary palp and galea
  • Small larval sericteries and reduced larval neck

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