The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bereczki J, Tóth JP, Tóth A, Batori E, Pecsenye K, Varga Z (2011) The genetic structure of phenologically differentiated Large Blue (Maculinea arion) populations (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) in the Carpathian Basin. European Journal of Entomology 108: 519-527.
  • Casacci LP, Witek M, Barbero F, Patricelli D, Solazzo G, Balletto E, Bonelli S (2011) Habitat preferences of Maculinea arion and its Myrmica host ants: implications for habitat management in Italian Alps. Journal of Insect Conservation 15: 103-110. doi: 10.1007/s10841-010-9327-x
  • Elmes GW, Thomas JA (1992) Complexity of Species Conservation in Managed Habitats - Interaction between Maculinea Butterflies and Their Ant Hosts. Biodiversity and Conservation 1: 155-169.
  • George Beccaloni, Malcolm Scoble, Ian Kitching, Thomas Simonsen, Gaden Robinson, Brian Pitkin, Adrian Hine & Chris Lyal (2013). LepIndex: LepIndex: The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (version 12.3,). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • MERLET F. & HOUARD X. (2012). Synthèse bibliographique sur les traits de vie de l’Azuré du Serpolet (Maculinea arion (Linnaeus, 1758)) relatifs à ses déplacements et à ses besoins de continuités écologiques. Office pour les insectes et leur environnement & Service du patrimoine naturel du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle. Paris. 8 pages.
  • Mouquet N, Thomas JA, Elmes GW, Clarke RT, Hochberg ME (2005) Population dynamics and conservation of a specialized predator: A case study of Maculinea arion. Ecological Monographs 75: 525-542.
  • Munguira ML, Martín J (Eds) (1999) Action plan for Maculinea butterflies in Europe. Nature and environment. Council of Europe, Strasbourg, 63 pp.
  • Patricelli D, Barbero F, La Morgia V, Casacci LP, Witek M, Balletto E, Bonelli S (2011) To lay or not to lay: oviposition of Maculinea arion in relation to Myrmica ant presence and host plant phenology. Animal Behaviour 82: 791-799. doi: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2011.07.011
  • Settele J, Kühn E, Thomas JA (2005)Studies on the Ecology and Conservation of Butterflies in Europe, Vol. 2: Species Ecology along a European Gradient: Maculinea butterflies as a Model. Pensoft, Sofia-Moscow, 289 pp.
  • Spitzer L, Beneš J, Dandova J, Jaskova V, Konvička M (2009) The Large Blue butterfly, Phengaris [Maculinea] arion, as a conservation umbrella on a landscape scale: The case of the Czech Carpathians. Ecological Indicators 9: 1056-1063. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2008.12.006
  • Thomas JA, Simcox DJ (2005) Contrasting management requirements of Maculinea arion across latitudinal and altitudinal climatic gradients in west Europe. In: Settele J, Kühn E, Thomas JA (Eds). Studies on the Ecology and Conservation of Butterflies in Europe, Vol. 2: Species Ecology along a European Gradient: Maculinea butterflies as a Model. Pensoft, Sofia-Moscow: 240-244.
  • Thomas JA, Simcox DJ, Clarke RT (2009) Successful Conservation of a Threatened Maculinea Butterfly. Science 325: 80-83. doi: 10.1126/science.1175726
  • Wynhoff I (1998) The recent distribution of the European Maculinea species. Journal of Insect Conservation 2: 15-27.


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