Overview

Distribution

Range Description

Restricted to Portugal and Spain (south of the Cantabrian Mountains and the Pyrenees), between 600–1,900 m elevation. This is a European endemic species.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
The Panoptes Blue resembles the Baton Blue very closely. It is also found in dry, scrubby and flower-rich places. The foodplants are Thymus zygis, T. vulgaris and T. mastichina. The species has one generation a year and the habitat can be described as low scrub with Salvia, Lavandula or Rosmarinus and open areas within sclerophyllous woodlands. Detailed habitat descriptions are not available.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Pseudophilotes panoptes

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 22
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
NT
Near Threatened

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
van Swaay, C., Wynhoff, I., Verovnik, R., Wiemers, M., López Munguira, M., Maes, D., Sasic, M., Verstrael, T., Warren, M. & Settele, J.

Reviewer/s
Lewis, O. (Butterfly RLA) & Cuttelod, A. (IUCN Red List Unit)

Contributor/s

Justification
The Climatic Risk Atlas (Settele et al., 2008) calculates a possible decline of more than 98% of the climate envelope between 1980 and 2080 based on the most pessimistic of the three climate change models used (GRAS-scenario). This species is classified as Near Threatened because (i) observed rates of CO² emissions and temperature increases already exceed those foreseen in the worst-case scenario models, (ii) it is appropriate to take a precautionary approach as the species might be endangered in the long term by climate change and (iii) a population decline is already observed in most of its range.
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Population

Population
An abundant species throughout its range. Declines in distribution or population size of 6–30% have been reported from Spain (data provided by the national partners of Butterfly Conservation Europe).

Population Trend
Stable
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Threats

Major Threats
This species might be susceptible to climate change in the long term.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
The population trend should be monitored by Butterfly Monitoring Schemes. If a climate change related decline is observed, ecological research must determine what conservation measures should be undertaken to safeguard the species. More research on distribution and ecology is needed.
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Wikipedia

Pseudophilotes panoptes

The Panoptes Blue (Pseudophilotes panoptes) is a butterfly of the Lycaenidae family. It is found on the Iberian Peninsula and in North Africa, including Morocco.

The wingspan is 18–22 mm. There are two generations per year with adults on wing from March to August.

The larvae feed on Thymus species.

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