Overview

Brief Summary

WhyReef - Lifestyle

Many people think lemon sponges are plants, but they’re actually simple animals, lacking heads or guts! They live in large groups and use tiny tails to create water currents. By making water flow in and out of their cells, they trap any particles from the water and eat them. That’s why they’re called filter feeders.

You can find them growing on rocks or dead coral on the reef. Because they have toxic chemicals in their bodies, not many animals can eat them.

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Comprehensive Description

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Lemon sponges are some of the oldest animal life forms on Earth! Some scientists think that sponges are over 700 million years ago! But that’s not the only cool thing about them. Many scientists study the chemicals in their bodies, because some of them have been found to help treat cancer and other diseases!
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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 37 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 24 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 12 - 36
  Temperature range (°C): 24.947 - 28.053
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.033 - 0.732
  Salinity (PPS): 34.768 - 35.321
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.572 - 4.705
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.063 - 0.205
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.869 - 1.570

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 12 - 36

Temperature range (°C): 24.947 - 28.053

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.033 - 0.732

Salinity (PPS): 34.768 - 35.321

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.572 - 4.705

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.063 - 0.205

Silicate (umol/l): 0.869 - 1.570
 
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Associations

WhyReef - Menu

Lemon sponges eat tiny food particles in the water. Because they will eat any kind of food particle—animal or plant—they are omnivores.
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Conservation

Threats

WhyReef - Threats

Reefs are in danger, and that means so the home of the lemon sponge!
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Disclaimer

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