The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Oliver, D.R., M.E. Dillon and P.S. Cranston. 1990. A Catalog of Nearctic Chironomidae: Publication 1857/B. 89
- WoRMS (2014). Chironominae. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=150869
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