The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Baldwin, Carole C., and G. D. Johnson / Stiassny, M. L .J., L. R. Parenti, and G. D. Johnson, eds. 1996. Interrelationships of Aulopiformes. Interrelationships of Fishes. 355-404
  • Eschmeyer, William N. 1990. Genera of Recent Fishes. iii + 697
  • N. V. Parin, Ichthyofauna of the Epipelagic Zone (Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem, 1970; U.S. Department of Commerce Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific and Technical Information, Springfield, VA 22151), from p. 154.
  • Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600
  • Proc. zool. Soc. London, 1 (8), 104.


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