Overview

Brief Summary

Diversity

Diversity description:

The Epipaschiinae consists of over 500 species that are primarily pantropical in distribution. A total of 785 species have been described.  Fifty-eight genera and 370 species have been described from the Western Hemisphere and fifty-four genera and 385 species from elsewhere in the world.

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Distribution

Geographical Distribution

Geographic Range:

Nearctic, Palearctic, Oriental, Ethiopian, Neotropical, Australian, Oceanic Island

Geographic Range description:

They occur from the northern periphery of Australia north into the Oriental Region, including temperate China, and to the southern limits of the Palearctic. They are also found south of the Sahara to South Africa and in the Western Hemisphere frrom the eastern temperate forests to northern Argentina.

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Physical Description

Morphology

Adult Head Morphology

Ocelli:

present

Eyes:

smooth

Labial palpus:

upcurved

Number of labial palp segments:

from 3

Labial palpus modification:

The second segment in the male varies in shape. Typically it is simple with no modifications, as in the female,but several modifications,interpreted as independent occur. The second segment can be tubulate that surrounds specialized setae of the maxillary palpus, or flabellate, that is, it expands to a narrow fan-like shape when water is flushed through the segement. In Macalla the distal portion of the second segment is broadened and bears a circular patch of non-deciduous setae. The third segment varies in length with genera.

Maxillary palpus:

present

Number of maxillary palp segments:

from 3

Number of chaetosomata:

from 2

Proboscis:

present

Proboscis description:

Fully developed except in Roeseliodes where it is reduced in length to about half the length of the fully developed proboscis.

Mandibles:

absent

Head vertex scaling:

normal

Female antennae:

filiform

Female scape description:

Simple, not medially elongated.

Female flagellomere description:

The antennal setae in the female are shorter than the length of any one antennal segment.

Male antennae:

bipectinate, serrate

Male scape description:

The setae vary in length along the antenna and are longest near the base and on the ventral side and decrease in length toward the apex.

Male pedicel description:

Only slightly longer than the adjacent antennal segment.

Male flagellomere description:

Vary from laminate to serrate to bipectinate.

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Diagnostic Description

Synapomorphies

Apomorphies:

Third segment of labial palpus upturned and pointed at apex; uncus arms elongate, arising laterally from base of uncus and extending at an angle of 110 degress or more; gegumen abutting on only a very small portion at the base of the uncus; a weakness in the sclerotization at the base of the tegumen defines a separate sclerite; phallobase of males usually extending beyond ductus ejaculatorius and curved ventrad

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:159Public Records:141
Specimens with Sequences:154Public Species:9
Specimens with Barcodes:151Public BINs:9
Species:11         
Species With Barcodes:9         
          
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: epipaJanzen01 Janzen1001

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:33Public Records:30
Specimens with Sequences:33Public Species:1
Specimens with Barcodes:33Public BINs:1
Species:1         
Species With Barcodes:1         
          
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Barcode data

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Barcode data

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for epipajanzen01

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for epipaJanzen01

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