The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • Harvey D J. 1991. Higher classification of the Nymphalidae. 255-273. in Nijhout H F ed. The Development and Evolution of Butterfly Wing Patterns, Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Pelham, Jonathan P. 2008. A catalogue of the butterflies of the United States and Canada with a complete bibliography of the descriptive and systematic literature. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera, vol. 40. xiv + 658
  • Wahlberg N, Brower A V Z, Nylin S. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships and historical biogeography of tribes and genera in the subfamily Nymphalinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 86, 227-251.
  • Wahlberg N. 2006. That awkward age for butterflies: insights from the age of the butterfly subfamily Nymphalinae. Systematic Biology, 55, 703-714.
  • Wahlberg, Niklas, Andrew V. Z. Brower, and Sören Nylin. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships and historical biogeography of tribes and genera in the subfamily Nymphalinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, vol. 86, no. 2. 227-251

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