Overview

Brief Summary

Introduction

Introduction:

Fast flying, fruit-feeding tropical nymphalids with particularly large radiations in the neotropical and Afrotropical regions.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:5,496Public Records:1,761
Specimens with Sequences:4,935Public Species:241
Specimens with Barcodes:4,589Public BINs:179
Species:810         
Species With Barcodes:741         
          
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Barcode data

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Charaxinae

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Wikipedia

Charaxinae

Charaxinae, the leafwings, is a nymphalid subfamily of butterflies that includes about 400 species, inhabiting mainly the tropics, although some species extend into temperate regions in North America, Europe, China and southern Australia. There are significant variations between the species. For example, some are medium-sized and bright orange above, but mottled gray or brown below.[1] This underwing coloration helps them resemble a dead leaf when they are at rest as they keep their wings closed.[1] With relatively few exceptions, the hindwings of the members of this subfamily have jagged edges.

Adults are very robust and fast flyers, and many are strongly attracted to drink liquids off carrion, dung, and rotten fruits, rather than nectar from flowers.[1]

Males establish territories and perch on tree trunks, branches, and even the ground.[1] The eggs are smooth and round and generally with a somewhat concave apex.

Some genera in this subfamily (notably Charaxes, Agrias and Prepona) are very popular among butterfly collectors.

Genera

Tribe Charaxini Guenée, 1865

Tribe Euxanthini Rydon, 1971 [2]

Tribe Pallini Rydon, 1971

Tribe Prothoini Roepke, 1938

Tribe Preponini Rydon, 1971[2]

Tribe Anaeini (also see tribe article)

References

  1. ^ a b c d Daniels, Jaret C. (2003). Butterflies of the Carolinas. Cambridge, MN: Adventure Publications, Inc.. pp. 12. ISBN 1-59193-007-3.
  2. ^ a b Rydon, A.H.B. 1971. The systematics of the Charaxidae (Lepidoptera: Nymphaloidea). Entomologists Record 83: 219-233, 283-287, 310-316, 336-341, 384-388, 6 figs., 4 plates.
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