Evolution and Systematics
Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships
The current hypothesis of relationships for pierid genera is based upon the molecular phylogenetic hypothesis of Braby et al. 2006. Taxa not included in that hypothesis are indicated as incertae sedis as discussed by the authors. Nomenclature and species lists for neoptropical taxa were drawn from Lamas (2004) and for Afrotropical taxa from Ackery et al. (1995).
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage
Specimens with Sequences:3447
Specimens with Barcodes:3327
Species With Barcodes:216
There are 36 species in North America, where they range from Mexico to northern Canada. Males of most species are different from females, including, (for example, in the genera Colias and Gonepteryx) brilliant UV reflections which the females lack.
The Coliadinae can be arranged in the 3 traditional tribes and a basal lineage, with one genus of unclear placement. The taxa—including some selected species—are arranged here in the presumed phylogenetic sequence, from the most ancient lineages to the most modern ones:
- Terias Swainson, 1821
- Pyrisitia Butler, 1870
- Abaeis Hübner, 
- Eurema Hübner,  – grass yellows
- Leucidia Doubleday, 
- Teriocolias Roeber 1909
- Catopsilia Hübner,  – emigrants
- Colias Fabricius, 1807 – clouded yellows
- Zerene Hübner, 
- Anteos Hübner,  – angled-sulphurs
- Aphrissa Butler, 1873
- Phoebis Hübner, 
- Prestonia Schaus, 1920
- Prestonia clarki Schaus, 1920
- Rhabdodryas Godman & Salvin, 
- Rhabdodryas trite (Linnaeus, 1758)
- Lim & Li (2005)
- Brower (2006)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Coliadinae.|
- Brower, Andrew V.Z. (2006): Tree of Life Web Project - Coliadinae. Version of 2006-NOW-16. Retrieved 2008-AUG-07.
- Lim, M.L.M. & Li, D. (2005): Extreme ultraviolet sexual dimorphism in jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 89(3): 397-406. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2006.00704.x (HTML abstract)
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