Overview

Brief Summary

The Scarce Large Blue can be found in moderately nutrient-rich meadows, edges with rough vegetation and parts of shallow bogs with Great Burnet (Sanguisorba officinalis). In northern Europe, it occurs in open, short vegetation, but in the warm, southern regions, it is also found in rough vegetation. The butterflies tend to keep near the foodplants. The small caterpillars only feed on the flowerheads for two or three weeks. They then go down to the ground where they wait to be picked up by worker ants of the genus Myrmica and carried off to the ants’ nest. There they feed on ant grubs. The caterpillars also hibernate and pupate in the ants’ nest. The main host over most of Europe is Myrmica scabrinodis, with closely related forms or species (with similar management requirements) also used in the south and east. In some regions sufficient individuals also survive with Myrmica rubra for this ant (which prefers later successional stages to Myrmica scabrinodis) to support a few, perhaps temporary, colonies. The Scarce Large Blue has one generation a year. Habitats: humid grasslands and tall herb communities (38%), mesophile grasslands (16%), blanket bogs (12%), water-fringe vegetation (9%), fens, transition mires and springs (9%).

  • Batáry P, Kőrösi Á, Örvössy N, Kover S, Peregovits L (2009) Species-specific distribution of two sympatric Maculinea butterflies across different meadow edges. Journal of Insect Conservation 13: 223-230. doi: 10.1007/s10841-008-9158-1
  • Batáry P, Örvössy N, Kőrösi Á, Valyi Nagy M, Peregovits L (2007) Microhabitat preferences of Maculinea teleius (Lepidoptera : Lycaenidae) in a mosaic landscape. European Journal of Entomology 104: 731-736.
  • Dierks A, Fischer K (2009) Habitat requirements and niche selection of Maculinea nausithous and M. teleius (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) within a large sympatric metapopulation. Biodiversity and Conservation 18: 3663-3676. doi: 10.1007/s10531-009-9670-y
  • Drechsler M, Watzold F, Johst K, Bergmann H, Settele J (2007) A model-based approach for designing cost-effective compensation payments for conservation of endangered species in real landscapes. Biological Conservation 140: 174-186.
  • Ernst M (1999) Das Lebensraumspektrum der Ameisenbläulinge Maculinea nausithous und Maculinea teleius im Regierungsbezirk Darmstadt (Hessen) sowie Vorschläge zur Erhaltung ihrer Lebensräume. Natur und Landschaft 74: 299-305.
  • Geissler-Strobel S (1999) Landschaftsplanungsorientierte Studien zu Ökologie, Verbreitung, Gefährdung und Schutz der Wiesenknopf-Ameisen-Bläulinge Glaucopsyche (Maculinea) nausithous und Glaucopsyche (Maculinea) teleius. Nachrichten des entomologischen Vereins Apollo, Neue Folge 44: 1-105.
  • Grill A, Cleary DFR, Stettmer C, Bräu M, Settele J (2008) A mowing experiment to evaluate the influence of management on the activity of host ants of Maculinea butterflies. Journal of Insect Conservation 12: 617-627. doi: 10.1007/s10841-007-9098-1
  • Johst K, Drechsler M, Thomas J, Settele J (2006) Influence of mowing on the persistence of two endangered large blue butterfly species. Journal of Applied Ecology 43: 333-342.
  • Lhonoré PJ (1997) L’ amènagement d’ habitats pour une gestion durable des populations des papillons du genre Maculinea (M. alcon, M. teleius, M. nausithous) (Lepidopt., Lycaenidae). Council of Europe Environmental Encounters Series 33, 109–119.
  • Novak J, Skalicky M, Hakl J, Dvorakova E (2007) Habitat management for the protected Maculinea butterflies: The effect of mowing. Cereal Research Communications 35: 857-860. doi: 10.1556/Crc.35.2007.2.173
  • Nowicki P, Pepkowska A, Kudlek J, Skorka P, Witek M, Settele J, Woyciechowski M (2007) From metapopulation theory to conservation recommendations: Lessons from spatial occurrence and abundance patterns of Maculinea butterflies. Biological Conservation 140: 119-129. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2007.08.001
  • Settele J, Kühn E, Thomas JA (2005b)Studies on the Ecology and Conservation of Butterflies in Europe, Vol. 2: Species Ecology along a European Gradient: Maculinea butterflies as a Model. Pensoft, Sofia-Moscow, 289 pp.
  • Stettmer C, Binzenhöfer B, Gros P, Hartmann P (2001a) Habitatmanagement und Schutzmaßnahmen für die Ameisenbläulinge Glaucopsyche teleius und Glaucopsyche nausithous. Teil 1: Populationsdynamik, Ausbreitungsverhalten und Biotopverbund. Natur und Landschaft 76: 278-287.
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  • Thomas JA (1984) The Behavior and Habitat Requirements of Maculinea nausithous (the Dusky Large Blue Butterfly) and Maculinea teleius (the Scarce Large Blue) in France. Biological Conservation 28: 325-347.
  • Timus N, Voda R, Paulini I, Crisan A, Popa R, Rakosy L (2011) Managementul pajistilor mezohigrofile de pe Dealurile Clujului Est (Transilvania) pentru protectia si conservarea specie Maculinea teleius (Bergsträsser, 1779) (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Meso-hygrophilous grassland management for the conservation of Maculinea teleius (Bergsträsser, 1779) – in the Eastern Hils of Cluj (Transylvania) (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). In: Brudea V, Duduman ML, Rakosy L (Eds) Biodiversitatea si managementul insectelor din România, Suceava, 24–25 Septembrie 2010, 29–45.
  • Witek M, Nowicki P, Śliwinska EB, Skórka P, Settele J, Schonrogge K, Woyciechowski M (2010) Local host ant specificity of Phengaris (Maculinea) teleius butterfly, an obligatory social parasite of Myrmica ants. Ecological Entomology 35: 557-564. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2311.2010.01213.x
  • Wynhoff I (1998) The recent distribution of the European Maculinea species. Journal of Insect Conservation 2: 15-27.
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  • Wynhoff I, Grutters M, van Langevelde F (2008) Looking for the ants: selection of oviposition sites by two myrmecophilous butterfly species. Animal Biology 58: 371-388. doi: 10.1163/157075608x383683
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Phengaris teleius

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Phengaris teleius

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 13
Specimens with Barcodes: 15
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Barcode data: Maculinea teleius

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 18 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

GGAACATTATATTTTATTTTTGGAATTTGAGCAGGGATATTAGGAATATCTTTA---AGAATTTTAATTCGAATAGAATTAGGAACTCCAGGGTCTTTAATTGGGAAT---GATCAAATTTATAACACTATTGTTACAGCTCATGCTTTTATTATAATTTTTTTTATAGTTATACCAATTATAATTGGTGGATTTGGAAATTGATTAGTTCCTTTGATA---TTAGGAGCCCCTGATATAGCTTTCCCACGAATAAATAATATAAGATTTTGATTATTACCACCTTCATTAATATTATTAATTTCAAGAAGAATTGTAGAAAATGGAGCAGGAACAGGATGAACAGTGTACCCCCCACTTTCATCTAATATTGCACATAGAGGATCATCTGTTGATTTA---GCAATTTTTTCACTTCATTTAGCTGGAATTTCTTCAATTTTAGGAGCTATTAATTTTATTACAACAATTATTAATATAAAAGTAAATAATTTATTTTTTGATCAAATATCATTATTTATTTGAGCAGTAGGTATTACAGCGTTATTATTATTATTATCTTTACCTGTTTTAGCTGGA---GCTATTACTATATTATTGACAGATCGAAATCTAAATACTTCATTTTTTGATCCTGCTGGTGGAGGAGATCCAATTTTATACCAACATTTATTTTGA
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Maculinea teleius

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 6
Specimens with Barcodes: 12
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LR/nt
Lower Risk/near threatened

Red List Criteria

Version
2.3

Year Assessed
1996
  • Needs updating

Assessor/s
World Conservation Monitoring Centre

Reviewer/s

Contributor/s

History
  • 1994
    Endangered
    (Groombridge 1994)
  • 1990
    Endangered
    (IUCN 1990)
  • 1988
    Endangered
    (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1988)
  • 1986
    Endangered
    (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1986)
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Wikipedia

Scarce Large Blue

Maculinea teleius.jpg

The Scarce Large Blue (Phengaris teleius) is a species of butterfly in the Lycaenidae family. It is found in Austria, Slovenia, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Northern Serbia,[1] Spain, Switzerland, and Ukraine.

The larva of this species first feeds on Sanguisorba officinalis (Great Burnet), then moves onto ant nests and is a predator of the ant brood. Myrmica rubra and Myrmica scabrinodis have been reported as frequent host ant species.[2] A recent microhabitat preference study indicates that grazing is necessary for maintaining the present distribution and abundance of these butterflies.[3]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Popović M. et al. 2014. Distribution and threats of Phengaris teleius (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) in northern Serbia. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 60(2): 173-183.
  2. ^ Tartally, A. and Varga, Z. 2008. Host ant use of Maculinea teleius in the Carpathian Basin (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). "Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae" 54(3): 257–268.
  3. ^ Batáry P. et al. 2007. Microhabitat preferences of Maculinea teleius (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) in a mosaic landscape European Journal of Entomology 104: 731–736.



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