Overview

Brief Summary

Oreosoma atlanticum

Members of the deep-sea and oceanic fish family Oreosomatidae, to which Oreosoma

atlanticum
belongs, are deep bodied, with large eyes and a protrusible mouth. Oreos

are often found in deep waters below 500 meters over the continental slope in

most temperate (and some tropical and subtropical) waters, perhaps especially in

the Southern Hemisphere. Many Oreo species are of significant commercial value,

(athough O. atlanticum is not due to its small size) , particularly in the southern

hemisphere (around Australia and New Zealand) where deep-sea trawling is

common (Eschmeyer et al. 1983; Lowry et al. 1994).

The Ox-eyed Oreo (Oreosoma atlanticum) is found in the southeastern Atlantic and

western Indian Oceans, occurring around South Africa between 30° and 35°S, and

in the southwestern Pacific off Australia (including western and southern Australia)

and New Zealand These fish have a height approximately equal to their length (~21

cm) and have 25 or 26 large, conical, bony proturbances on the body (Goode and

Bean 1895). Ox-eyed Oreos have small horns above each eye and are grey in color

(Jordan and Evermann 1898).

  • Eschmeyer, W.N., Herald, E.S., and Hammann, H. 1983. A Field Guide to Pacific Coast Fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin, Boston.
  • Goode, G. B., & Bean, T. H. (1895). Ocean Icthyology. Washington DC: Government Printing Office.
  • Jordan, D. S., & Evermann, B. W. (1898). Pamphlets on Forestry. Fish and Game. Volume II. Washington DC: Government Printing Office.
  • Lowry, P. S., Elliott, N. G., Yearsley, G. K., & Ward, R. D. (1996). Genetic variation and phylogenetic relationships of seven oreo species ITeleostei, OreosomatidaeJ inferred from allozyme analysis. Fishery Bulletin, 94(4), 692 -706.
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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 61 specimens in 2 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 37 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 112 - 1122.5
  Temperature range (°C): 3.098 - 10.465
  Nitrate (umol/L): 18.732 - 34.042
  Salinity (PPS): 34.336 - 34.980
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.043 - 5.012
  Phosphate (umol/l): 1.183 - 2.370
  Silicate (umol/l): 11.458 - 53.400

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 112 - 1122.5

Temperature range (°C): 3.098 - 10.465

Nitrate (umol/L): 18.732 - 34.042

Salinity (PPS): 34.336 - 34.980

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.043 - 5.012

Phosphate (umol/l): 1.183 - 2.370

Silicate (umol/l): 11.458 - 53.400
 
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records: 9
Specimens with Sequences: 9
Specimens with Barcodes: 9
Species: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
Public Records: 4
Public Species: 1
Public BINs: 1
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Barcode data

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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