IUCN threat status:

Near Threatened (NT)

Comprehensive Description

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  Common names: cownose-ray (English), ray (English), chucho (Espanol), gavilán (Espanol)
Rhinoptera steindachneri Evermann & Jenkins, 1892

Golden cownose-ray,     Pacific cownose-ray,     Hawkray

A diamond-shaped ray with head distinctly protruding from disc; head with "wings" along side and front, forehead overhangs snout, which is deeply concave and strongly notched in front; teeth in 6-9 plates in top and bottom; width of disc about 1.7-1.8 times its length; tail with 1-2 serrated spines, their length about 2.5 times eye width; tail very slender, about 1.2-1.6 times length of disc; skin smooth.

Pale yellowish brown, white on ventral surface; tail blackish.

Grows to 107 cm disc width, ~ 75 cm disc length, 170 cm TL.

Inhabits coastal lagoons, often forms large schools in mangrove areas.

Depth: to 30 m.

Central Baja and the Gulf of California to Peru, the Galapagos.   


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© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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