Overview

Brief Summary

Being one of reef fish species prone to exploitation for ornamental reef fish trade, Premnas biaculeatus (Bloch 1790) has yet to be reviewed for IUCN status. In the natural reef environments, this species (Family: Pomacentridae) oftenly found lurking in between tentacles of its anemone host (usually from species Entacmea quadricolor) that may settle on sheltered inshore reefs and on outer slopes. Easily identified due to its bright to brownish red color with three narrow pale bars (white/grey/yellow) located separately from behind the eye to tail base. Usually feed on zooplankton and algae, the spine-cheek or maroon anemonefish can be found throughout the Indo-West Pacific region to West Australia. Maximum length can reach 160 mm for female, while males appear smaller (60-70 mm). The name spine-cheek originated from observeable long spine found below the eyes.

  • Allen, GR. 2000. Marine fishes of South-East Asia: a field guide for anglers and divers. Periplus edition. 164-165 pp.
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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 14 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 8 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.9 - 9.1
  Temperature range (°C): 26.803 - 29.205
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.090 - 0.580
  Salinity (PPS): 32.019 - 34.975
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.202 - 4.666
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.131 - 0.415
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.005 - 5.552

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.9 - 9.1

Temperature range (°C): 26.803 - 29.205

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.090 - 0.580

Salinity (PPS): 32.019 - 34.975

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.202 - 4.666

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.131 - 0.415

Silicate (umol/l): 1.005 - 5.552
 
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:26Public Records:17
Specimens with Sequences:25Public Species:1
Specimens with Barcodes:25Public BINs:1
Species:1         
Species With Barcodes:1         
          
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Barcode data

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Premnas

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