The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

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  • Arndt, E. 1993. Phylogenetische Untersuchungen larvalmorphologischer Merkmale der Carabidae (Insecta: Coleoptera). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde Serie A 488: 1-56.
  • Arnold'di, L.V., V.V. Zherikhin, L.M. Nikritin, and A.G. Ponomarenko (eds.). 1977. Mezozoiskie Zhestkokrylye. Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Trudy Paleontologicheskogo Instituta, Vol. 161. Nauka Publishers, Moscow.
  • Arnold'di, L.V., V.V. Zherikhin, L.M. Nikritin, and A.G. Ponomarenko (eds.). 1992. Mesozoic Coleoptera. Smithsonian Institution Libraries, Washington, D.C. (English translation of Arnold'di et al., 1977.)
  • Baehr, M. 1979. Vergleichende Untersuchungen am Skelett und an der Coxalmuskulatur des Prothorax der Coleoptera, ein Beitrag zur Klärung der phylogenetischen Beziehungen der Adephaga (Coleoptera, Insecta). Zoologica 44(4): 1–76.
  • Ball, G. E. 1979. Conspectus of carabid classification: history, holomorphology, and higher taxa. In T. L. Erwin, G. E. Ball, D. R. Whitehead and A. L. Halpern (ed.), Carabid Beetles: Their Evolution, Natural History, and Classification. The Hague, Dr. W. Junk bv. pp. 63–111.
  • Belkaceme, T. 1991. Skeleton and musculature of the head and thorax of Noterus laevis Sturm.: Aspects of the morphology and the phylogeny of the Noteridae (Coleoptera: Adephaga). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde Serie A 0(462): 1-94.
  • Bell, R. T. 1964. Does Gehringia belong to the Isochaeta? (Coleoptera: Carabidae). The Coleopterists Bulletin 18: 59–61.
  • Bell, R. T. 1966. Trachypachus and the origin of the Hydradephaga (Coleoptera). The Coleopterists Bulletin 20: 107–112.
  • Bell, R. T. 1967. Coxal cavities and the classification of the Adephaga (Coleoptera). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 60(1): 101–107.
  • Bell, R. T. 1982. What is Trachypachus? (Coleoptera: Trachypachidae). The Coleopterists Bulletin 36(4): 590–596.
  • Beutel, R. 1986. Skeleton and musculature of the head and thorax of Hygrobia tarda (Herbst). Contribution towards the clarification of the phylogenetic relationships of the Hydradephaga (Insecta: Coleoptera). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde Serie A (388): 1-54.
  • Beutel, R. G. 1988. Studies of the metathorax of the trout-stream beetle, Amphizoa lecontei Matthews (Coleoptera: Amphizoidae): Contribution towards clarification of the systematic position of Amphizoidae. International Journal of Insect Morphology and Embryology 17(1): 63-82.
  • Beutel, R. G. 1989a. The head of Spanglerogyrus albiventris Folkerts (Coleoptera: Gyrinidae). Contribution towards clarification of the phylogeny of Gyrinidae and Adephaga. Zool. Jb. Anat. 118(4): 431-461.
  • Beutel, R. G. 1989b. The prothorax of Spanglerogyrus albiventris Folkerts, 1979 (Coleoptera: Gyrinidae) Contribution towards clarification of the phylogeny of Gyrinidae. Entomologica Basiliensia 13: 151-173.
  • Beutel, R. G. 1990. Metathoracic features of Omoglymmius hamatus and their significance for classification of Rhysodini (Coleoptera: Adephaga). Entomologia Generalis 15(3): 185-201.
  • Beutel, R. G. 1991a. Internal and external structures of the head of 3-rd instar larvae of Amphizoa lecontei Matthews (Coleoptera: Amphizoidae): A contribution towards the clarification of the systematic position of Amphizoidae. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde Serie A 0(469): 1-24.
  • Beutel, R. G. 1991b. Larval head structures of Omophron and their implications for the relationships of Omophronini (Coleoptera: Carabidae). Entomologica Scandinavica 22(1): 55-67.
  • Beutel, R. G. 1992a. Larval head structures of Omoglymmius hamatus and their implications for the relationships of Rhysodidae (Coleoptera: Adephaga). Entomologica Scandinavica 23(2): 169-184.
  • Beutel, R. G. 1992b. Phylogenetic analysis of thoracic structures of Carabidae (Coleoptera: Adephaga). Zeitschrift für Zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung 30(1): 53-74.
  • Beutel, R. G. 1992c. Study on the systematic position of Metriini based on characters of the larval head (Coleoptera: Carabidae). Systematic Entomology 17(3): 207-218.
  • Beutel, R. G. 1993. Phylogenetic analysis of Adephaga (Coleoptera) based on characters of the larval head. Systematic Entomology 18: 127-147.
  • Beutel, R. G. and R. E. Roughley. 1994. Phylogenetic analysis of Gyrinidae based on characters of the larval head (Coleoptera: Adephaga). Entomologica scandinavica 24: 459-468.
  • Beutel, R. G. and S. Ruhnau. 1990. Phylogenetic analysis of the genera of Haliplidae (Coleoptera) based characters of adults. Aquatic Insects 12(1): 1-17.
  • Beutel, R.G. 1995. The Adephaga (Coleoptera): phylogeny and evolutionary history. Pp. 173-217 in Pakaluk and Slipinski (1995).
  • Bils, W. 1976. Das Abdomende weiblicher, terrestrisch lebender Adephaga (Coleoptera) und seine Bedeutung für die Phylogenie. Zoomorphologie 84(2): 113–193.
  • Bousquet, Y. and A. Smetana. 1991. The tribe Opisthiini (Coleoptera: Carabidae): Description of the larvae, note on habitat, and brief discussion on its relationships. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 99(1): 104-114.
  • Bousquet, Y., and A. Larochelle. 1993. Catalogue of the Geadephaga (Coleoptera: Trachypachidae, Rhysodidae, Carabidae including Cicindelini) of America North of Mexico. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 167:1-397.
  • Brandmayr, P. and B. T. Zetto. 1986. Food and feeding behavior of some Licinus species (Coleoptera Carabidae Licinini). Monitore Zoologico Italiano 20(2): 171-182.
  • Burmeister, E.G. 1976. Die Ovipositor der Hydradephaga (Coleoptera) und seine phylogenetische Bedeutung unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Dytiscidae. Zoomorphologie 85: 165–257.
  • Burmeister, E.G. 1980. Funktionsmorphologie und Evolution des Ovipositor der Adephaga (Coleoptera). Verhandlungen der naturwissenschaftlicher Verein, Hamburg (NF) 24(1): 89–184.
  • Burmeister, E.G. 1990a. On the systematic position of Amphizoidae, emphasizing features of the female genital organs (Insecta: Coleoptera: Adephaga). Quaestiones Entomologicae 26(3): 245-272.
  • Burmeister, E.G. 1990b. The female genital structures of Spanglerogyrus albiventris Folkerts, 1979: A contribution to the systematic position of the Gyrinidae. Spixiana 13(3): 253-265.
  • Crowson, R. A. 1981. The Biology of the Coleoptera. London, Academic Press.
  • Deuve, T. 1988. Étude phylogénétique des Coléoptères Adephaga: redéfinition de la famille des Harpalidae, sensu novo, et position systématique des Pseudomorphinae et Brachinidae. Bull. Soc. Entomol. France 92(5-6): 161-182.
  • Deuve, T. 1993. L'abdomen et les genitalia des femelles de Coléoptères Adephaga. Mémoires du Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle 155: 1-184.
  • Eisner, T., T. H. Jones, D.J. Aneshansley, W.R. Tschinkel, R.E. Silberglied, and J. Meinwald. 1977. Chemistry of defensive secretions of bombardier beetles (Brachinini, Metriini, Ozaenini, Paussini). J. Insect Physiol. 23: 1383-1386.
  • Erwin, T. L. 1979. Thoughts on the evolutionary history of ground beetles: hypotheses generated from comparative faunal analyses of lowland forest sites in temperate and tropical regions. In T. L. Erwin, G. E. Ball, D. R. Whitehead and A. L. Halpern (ed.), Carabid Beetles: Their Evolution, Natural History, and Classification. The Hague, Dr. W. Junk bv. pp. 539-592.
  • Erwin, T. L. 1981. Taxon pulses, vicariance, and dispersal: An evolutionary synthesis illustrated by carabid beetles. In G. Nelson and D. E. Rosen (ed.), Vicariance Biogeography: A Critique. New York, Columbia University Press. 159-196.
  • Erwin, T. L. 1985. The taxon pulse: A general pattern of lineage radiation and extinction among carabid beetles. In G. E. Ball (ed.), Taxonomy, Phylogeny and Zoogeography of Beetles and Ants. A volume dedicated to the Memory of Philip Jackson Darlingon, Jr. (1904-1983). Dordrecht, Dr W. Junk. 437-472.
  • Erwin, T. L. and L. J. M. Erwin. 1976. Relationships of predaceous beetles to tropical forest wood decay. Part II. The natural history of neotropical Eurycoleus macularis Chevrolat (Carabidae: Lebiini) and its implications in the evolution of ectoparasitoidism. Biotropica 8(4): 215-224.
  • Erwin, T. L. and N. E. Stork. 1985. The Hiletini, an ancient and enigmatic tribe of Carabidae with a pantropical distribution (Coleoptera). Systematic Entomology 10(4): 405-451.
  • Evans, M. E. G. 1982. Early evolution of the Adephaga-some locomotor speculations. The Coleopterists Bulletin 36(4): 597–607.
  • Folkerts, G. W. 1979. Spanglerogyrus albiventris, a primitive new genus and species of Gyrinidae (Coleoptera) from Alabama. The Coleopterists Bulletin 33(1): 1-8.
  • Forsyth, D. J. 1972. The structure of the pygidial defence glands of Carabidae (Coleoptera). Trans. Zool. Soc. London 32: 249–309.
  • Hammond, P. M. 1979. Wing-folding mechanisms in beetles with special reference to investigations of adephagan phylogeny (Coleoptera). In T. L. Erwin, G. E. Ball, D. R. Whitehead and A. L. Halpern (ed.), Carabid Beetles: Their Evolution, Natural History, and Classification. The Hague, Dr. W. Junk bv. pp. 113–180.
  • Heath, R. V. and M. E. G. Evans. 1990. The relationship between the ventral nerve cord, body size and phylogeny in ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 98(3): 259-293.
  • Hlavac, T. F. 1971. Differentiation of the carabid antenna cleaner. Psyche 78(1–2): 51–66.
  • Jeannel, R. 1941. Coléoptères Carabiques, Première Partie. Faune de France, 39. Paris, Lechevalier, 571 pp.
  • Kanehisa, K. and K. Kawazu. 1985. Differences in neutral components of the defensive secretion in formic acid-secreting carabid beetles. Applied Entomology and Zoology 20(3): 299-304.
  • Kanehisa, K. and M. Murase. 1977. Comparative study of the pygidial defensive systems of carabid beetles. Applied Entomology and Zoology 12: 225-235.
  • Kavanaugh, D. H. 1986. A systematic review of amphizoid beetles (Amphizoidae: Coleoptera) and their phylogenetic relationships to other Adephaga. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 44(6): 67–109.
  • Kavanaugh, D. H. and J. Négre. 1985. Notiokasiini—A new tribe of Carabidae (Coleoptera) from southeastern South America. Coleopterists Bulletin 36(4): 549–566.
  • Kavanaugh, D. H. and T. L. Erwin. 1991. The tribe Cicindini Banninger (Coleoptera: Carabidae): Comparative morphology, classification, natural history, and evolution. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 93(2): 356-389.
  • Kryzhanovsky, O.L. 1976. Revised classification of the family Carabidae. Entomological Review, 1:80-91.
  • Kukalová-Peck, J. 1991. Fossil history and the evolution of hexapod structures. Pp. 141-179 in CSIRO, The Insects of Australia: a Textbook for Students and Research Workers. Carlton, Victoria, Melbourne University Press.
  • Kukalová-Peck, J. and J. F. Lawrence. 1993. Evolution of the hind wing in Coleoptera. The Canadian Entomologist 125: 181-258.
  • Lawrence, J. F. and A. F. Newton Jr. 1982. Evolution and classification of beetles. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 13: 261-290.
  • Lawrence, J. F., and A. F. Newton, Jr. / Pakaluk, James, and Stanislaw Adam Slipinski, eds. 1995. Families and subfamilies of Coleoptera (with selected genera, notes, references and data on family-group names). Biology, Phylogeny, and Classification of Coleoptera: Papers Celebrating the 80th Birthday of Roy A. Crowson, vol. 2. 779-1006
  • Liebherr, J. K. and D. H. Kavanaugh. 1985. Ovoviviparity in carabid beetles of the genus Pseudomorpha (Insecta: Coleoptera). Journal of Natural History 19(6): 1079-1086.
  • Liebherr, J. K. and G. E. Ball. 1990. The first instar larva of Eripus oaxacanus Stranco and Ball (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Peleciini): Indicator of affinity or convergence? Systematic Entomology 15(1): 69-79.
  • Lindroth, C.H. 1961. The ground-beetles (Carabidae, excl. Cicindelinae) of Canada and Alaska. Part 2. Opuscula Entomologica, Supplementum XXX, pp. 1-200.
  • Lindroth, C.H. 1969. The ground-beetles (Carabidae, excl. Cicindelinae) of Canada and Alaska. Part 1. Opuscula Entomologica, Supplementum XXXV, pp. I-XLVIII.
  • Moore, B. P. 1965. Studies on Australian Carabidae (Coleoptera). 4.- The Pterostichinae. The Royal Entomological Society of London 117: 1-32.
  • Moore, B. P. 1979. Chemical defense in carabids and its bearing on phylogeny. In T. L. Erwin, G. E. Ball, D. R. Whitehead and A. L. Halpern (ed.), Carabid Beetles: Their Evolution, Natural History, and Classification. The Hague, Dr. W. Junk bv. 193–203.
  • Nagel, P. 1979. The classification of Carabidae. Misc. Pap. Agric. Univ. Wageningen 18: 7–14.
  • Nichols, S. W. 1985. Omophron and the origin of Hydradephaga (Insecta: Coleoptera: Adephaga). Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 137: 182–201.
  • Noonan, G. R. 1973. The anisodactylines (Insecta: Coleoptera: Carabidae: Harpalini): Classification, evolution, and zoogeography. Quaestiones entomologicae 9: 266-480.
  • Pakaluk, J. and S.A. Slipinski (eds.) 1995. Biology, Phylogeny, and Classification of Coleoptera. Papers Celebrating the 80th Birthday of Roy A. Crowson. Muzeum i Instytut Zoologii PAN, Warszawa.
  • Pearson, D. L., M. S. Blum, T. H. Jones, H. M. Fales, E.Gonda and B. R. Witte. 1988. Historical perspective and the interpretation of ecological patterns: Defensive compounds of tiger beetles (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae). The American Naturalist 132: 404-416.
  • Ponomarenko, A. G. 1989. New ground beetles (Insecta, Coleoptera, Caraboidea) from the Jurassic and Cretaceous of Asia. Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal 0(2): 52-63.
  • Ponomarenko, A.G. 1992. Suborder Adephaga. Pp. 19-142 in Arnold'di, et al. (1992).
  • Ponomarenko, A.G. 1995. The geological history of beetles. Pp. 155-171 in Pakaluk and Slipinski (1995).
  • Poole, Robert W., and Patricia Gentili, eds. 1996. Coleoptera. Nomina Insecta Nearctica: A Check List of the Insects of North America, vol. 1: Coleoptera, Strepsiptera. 14-820
  • R. A. Crowson. 1981. The Biology of the Coleoptera. Academic Press, New York
  • Regenfuss, H. 1975. Die Antennen-Putzeinrichtung der Adephaga (Coleoptera), parallele evolutive Vervollkommnung einer komplexen Struktur. Zeitschrift für zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung 13: 278–299.
  • Roach, B., K. R. Dodge, D.J. Aneshansley, D. Wiemer, J. Meinwald, and T. Eisner. 1979. Chemistry of defensive secretions of ozaenine and paussine bombardier beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae). The Coleopterists Bulletin 33(1): 17-19.
  • Roughley, R. E. 1981. Trachypachidae and Hydradephaga (Coleoptera): A monophyletic unit. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 57(1): 273–285.
  • Ruhnau, S. 1986. Phylogenetic relations within the Hydradephaga (Coleoptera) using larval and pupal characters. Entomologica Basiliensia 11: 231-271.
  • Ruhnau, S. and M. Brancucci. 1984. Studies on the genus Lancetes. 2. Analysis of its phylogenetic position using preimaginal characters (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae). Entomologica Basiliensia 9: 80-107.
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