Ecology

Associations

Known predators

  • A. C. Twomey, The bird population of an elm-maple forest with special reference to aspection, territorialism, and coactions, Ecol. Monogr. 15(2):175-205, from p. 202 (1945).
  • W. E. Ricker, 1934. An ecological classification of certain Ontario streams. Univ. Toronto Studies, Biol. Serv. 37, Publ. Ontario Fish. Res. Lab. 49:7-114, from pp. 78, 89.
  • L. D. Harris and L. Paur, A quantitative food web analysis of a shortgrass community, Technical Report No. 154, Grassland Biome. U.S. International Biological Program (1972), from p. 17.
  • I. K. Sharma, A study of ecosystems of the Indian desert, Trans. Indian Soc. Desert Technol. and Univ. Center Desert Stud. 5(2):51-55, from p. 52 and A study of agro-ecosystems in the Indian desert, ibid. 5:77-82, from p. 79 1980).
  • J. D. Allan, 1982. The effects of reduction in trout density on the invertebrate community of a mountain stream. Ecology 63:1444-1455, from p. 1452.
  • Waide RB, Reagan WB (eds) (1996) The food web of a tropical rainforest. University of Chicago Press, Chicago
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Known prey organisms

Auchenorrhyncha (homoptera) preys on:
sap and plant juices
leaves
Eleucine
Cyperus
Cenchrus
Artemisia frigida
Bouteloua gracilis
Oenothera laciniata
Psoralidium tenuiflorum
Heterotheca canescens
Aristida purpurea
Pascopyrum smithii
Gutierrezia
Ratibida columnifera
Mirabilis
Helianthus annuus
Ericameria nauseosa
Atriplex canescens
Elymus elymoides
Picradeniopsis oppositifolia
Thelesperma filifolium
Senecio vulgaris
fungi
sap

Based on studies in:
USA: Illinois (Forest)
India, Rajasthan Desert (Desert or dune)
USA: California, Cabrillo Point (Grassland)
Puerto Rico, El Verde (Rainforest)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • A. C. Twomey, The bird population of an elm-maple forest with special reference to aspection, territorialism, and coactions, Ecol. Monogr. 15(2):175-205, from p. 202 (1945).
  • L. D. Harris and L. Paur, A quantitative food web analysis of a shortgrass community, Technical Report No. 154, Grassland Biome. U.S. International Biological Program (1972), from p. 17.
  • I. K. Sharma, A study of ecosystems of the Indian desert, Trans. Indian Soc. Desert Technol. and Univ. Center Desert Stud. 5(2):51-55, from p. 52 and A study of agro-ecosystems in the Indian desert, ibid. 5:77-82, from p. 79 1980).
  • Waide RB, Reagan WB (eds) (1996) The food web of a tropical rainforest. University of Chicago Press, Chicago
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Source: SPIRE

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Evolution and Systematics

Evolution

Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships

  • Auchenorrhyncha
    • Cicadomorpha
      • Cicadoidea
      • Cercopoidea
      • Membracoidea
    • Fulgoromorpha
Classification from Carver, Gross, and Woodward (1991), in Insects of AustraliaThis group may be paraphyletic, with the Coleorrhyncha and Heteroptera derived from within it. See the papers by Campbell et al. (1994, 1995), Sorensen et al. (1995), and von Dohlen and Moran (1995).

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