Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage
|Specimen Records:||265||Public Records:||173|
|Specimens with Sequences:||224||Public Species:||0|
|Specimens with Barcodes:||224||Public BINs:||22|
|Species With Barcodes:||1|
The freshwater and brackish water viviparous halfbeaks of the genus Dermogenys are widely distributed in South and Southeast Asia from India to Indonesia. They are all viviparous, producing small clutches of up to 30 fry that closely resemble the adults, except they are much smaller, around 10 to 15 mm in length. Dermogenys adults are typically around 60–70 mm in length, with females being slightly larger than males. Males tend to be more brightly coloured and are well known for being aggressive towards one another. The wrestling halfbeak, Dermogenys pusilla, is widely used in Asia as fighting animals upon which wagers are placed (see Siamese fighting fish). Both sexes have lower jaws (mandibles) that are much longer than the upper ones, and from this comes the "halfbeak" name.
Dermogenys fish feed extensively on small insects, either in the form of aquatic larvae or as flying insects that have fallen onto the surface of the water. They are important predators on insects such as mosquitoes, so play a role in controlling malaria.
Reproduction[edit source | edit]
Dermogenys are live-bearing fish that practise internal fertilisation. The male is equipped with a gonopodium-like anal fin known as an andropodium that delivers sperm into the female. The gestation period is about one month. The exact mode of reproduction ranges from ovoviviparity through to viviparity (see section on reproduction in the halfbeak article). About ten embryos are developed at any one time, but at birth, these are fairly large (around 10 mm) compared with other fish of this size (Dermogenys adults are around 4–7 cm in length, depending on the species).
Species[edit source | edit]
There are currently 12 recognized species in this genus: 
- Dermogenys bispina A. D. Meisner & Collette, 1998
- Dermogenys brachynotopterus (Bleeker, 1853)
- Dermogenys bruneiensis A. D. Meisner, 2001
- Dermogenys burmanica Mukerji, 1935
- Dermogenys collettei A. D. Meisner, 2001
- Dermogenys orientalis (M. C. W. Weber, 1894)
- Dermogenys palawanensis A. D. Meisner, 2001
- Dermogenys pusilla Kuhl & van Hasselt, 1823 (Wrestling halfbeak)
- Dermogenys robertsi A. D. Meisner, 2001
- Dermogenys siamensis Fowler, 1934
- Dermogenys sumatrana (Bleeker, 1854)
- Dermogenys vogti Brembach, 1982
See also[edit source | edit]
Further reading[edit source | edit]
- Scott, Peter (1997): Livebearing Fishes, Tetra Press, ISBN 1-56465-193-2
References[edit source | edit]
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