The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Andersen, N. M. 1995. Phylogeny and classification of aquatic bugs (Heteroptera, Nepomorpha). An essay review of Mahner's 'Systema Cryptoceratum Phylogeneticum'. Entomologica Scandinavica 26:159-166.
  • Hebsgaard, M. B., N. M. Andersen, and J. Damgaard. 2004. Phylogeny of the true water bugs (Nepomorpha: Hemiptera-Heteroptera) based on 16S and 28S rDNA and morphology. Systematic Entomology 29:488-508.
  • Henry, Thomas J., and Richard C. Froeschner, eds. 1988. Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. xix + 958
  • Lee, C. E. 1991. Morphological and phylogenetic studies on the true water bugs (Hemiptera: Heteroptera). Nature and Life 21:1-183.
  • Mahner, M. 1993. Systema cryptoceratorum phylogeneticum (Insecta, Heteroptera). Zoologica, 143:ix+302 pp.
  • McGavin, George C. 1993. Bugs of the World. 192
  • Rieger, C. 1976. Skelett und Muskulature des Kopfes und Prothorax von Ochterus marginatus Latreille. Zoomorphologie, 83: 109-191.
  • Štys, P. and A. Jansson. 1988. Check-list of recent family-group and genus-group names of Nepomorpha (Heterotera) of the world. Acta Entomologica Fennica 50:1-44.


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!