The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Amédégnato, C. (1974). Les genres d'Acridiens neotropicaux, leur classification par familles, sous-familes et tribus. Acrida 3: 193-204.
  • Amédégnato, C. (1976) Structure et évolution des genitalia chez les Acrididae et familles apparentées. Acrida 5: 1-15
  • Amédégnato, C. (1977) Etude des Acridoidea Centre et Sud Americains (Catantopinae sensu lato): Anatomie des genitalia, classification, repartition, phylogenie. Thesis, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris. 385 pp. (mimeo.)
  • Amédégnato, C. (1993) African-American relationships in the Acridians (Insecta, Orthoptera). In: "The Africa-South America connexion" (W. George & R. Lavocat, Eds.), pp. 59-75, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Ander, K. J. (1939) Vergleichend anatomische und phylogenetische Studien über die Ensifera (Saltatoria). Opuscula Ent. suppl. II, Lund, 8, 306 pp.
  • Blackith, R. E. and R. M. Blackith (1968) A numerical taxonomy of orthopteroid insects. Austr. J. Zool. 16: 111-131.
  • Carpenter, F. M. (1992) "Treatise on invertebrate palaeontology. Part R: Arthropoda 4. Vol 3 & 5: Superclass Hexapoda", University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, Kansas.
  • Chopard, L. (1920) "Recherches sur la conformation et la développement des derniers segmentes abdominaux des Orthoptères". Thèse Faculté des Sciences de Paris, Oberthur, Rennes. 352 pp., pl. 7.
  • Colgan, D. (1989) Developmental variation and allozymic polymorphism in the enzymes of glycolysis in grasshoppers. J. evol. Biol. 2: 141-151.
  • Descamps, M. (1973) Revision des Eumastacoidea aux échelons des familles et des sous-familles (genitalia, repartition, phylogénie). Acrida 2: 161-298
  • Dirsh, V. M. (1956) The phallic complex in Acridoidea (Orthoptera) in relation to taxonomy. Trans. R. ent. Soc. Lond. 108: 223-356
  • Dirsh, V. M. (1975) "Classification of the acridomorphoid insects", Farringdon, Oxford, Classey.
  • Eades, D.C. (2000) Evolutionary relationships of phallic structures of Acridomorpha (Orthoptera). Journal of Orthoptera Research 9: 181-210.
  • Flook, P. K. Klee, S., & Rowell, C. H. F. (1999) A combined molecular phylogenetic analysis of the Orthoptera and its implications for their higher systematics. Syst. Biol. 48: 233-253.
  • Flook, P. K. Klee, S., & Rowell, C. H. F. (2000) Molecular phylogenetic analysis of the basal Acridomorpha (Orthoptera, Caelifera): resolving morphological character conflicts with molecular data. Mol. Phyl. Evol. 15: 345-354.
  • Flook, P. K. & Rowell, C. H. F (1997b) The effectiveness of mitochondrial rRNA gene sequences for the reconcstruction of the phylogeny of an insect order, Orthoptera. Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution 8: 177-192.
  • Flook, P. K. & Rowell, C. H. F. (1997a) The phylogeny of the Caelifera (Insecta, Orthoptera) as deduced from mitochondrial rRNA gene sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution 8: 89-103.
  • Flook, P. K. & Rowell, C. H. F. (1998) Inferences about orthopteroid phylogeny and molecular evolution from small subunit nuclear ribosomal RNA sequences. Insect Mol. Biol. 7: 163-178.
  • Gorochov, A. B. (1995) [Contribution to the systematics and evolution of the order Orthoptera] (Russian) Zool. Journal 74: 39-45
  • Günther, K. K. (1980). Katalog der Caelifera-Unterordnung Tridactylodea (Insecta). Dtsch. ent. Z. N.F. 27: 149-178.
  • Kevan, D. K. McE. (1982) Orthoptera. In "Synopsis and classification of living organisms, Vol 2", (S. P. Parker, Ed.), pp. 352-379, McGraw-Hill, New York.
  • Kevan, D. K. McE., Akbar S. S. and Chang Y-C. (1969) The concealed copulatory structures of the Pyrgomorphidae (Orth. Acridoidea). Part I. General introduction. EOS Madrid 44: 165-266
  • Kukalova-Peck, J. (1991) Fossil history and the evolution of Hexapod structures. In "The insects of Australia, second edition", (I.D. Naumann, Ed.), Vol. 1, pp. 141-179, Melbourne University Press, Victoria
  • Otte, D. (1994a) "Orthoptera species file 2. Grasshoppers (Acridomorpha) A. Eumastacoidea, Trigonopterygoidea, and Pneumoroidea". Philadelphia, The Orthopterists' Society and the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.
  • Otte, D. (1994b) "Orthoptera species file 3. Grasshoppers (Acridomorpha) B. Pamphagoidea". Philadelphia, The Orthopterists' Society and the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.
  • Otte, D. (1995a) "Orthoptera species file 4. Grasshoppers (Acridomorpha) C. Acridoidea: Lentulidae, Pauliniidae, Tristiridae, Romaleidae, Acrididae (part)". Philadelphia, The Orthopterists' Society and the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.
  • Otte, D. (1995b) "Orthoptera species file 5. Grasshoppers (Acridomorpha) D. Acridoidea: Acrididae (part)". Philadelphia, The Orthopterists' Society and the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.
  • Otte, Daniel / Poole, Robert W. and Patricia Gentili, eds. 1997. Orthoptera. Nomina Insecta Nearctica: A Check List of the Insects of North America: vol. 4: Non-Holometabolous Orders. 581-634
  • Otte, Daniel. 1997. Tetrigoidea and Tridactyloidea (Orthoptera: Caelifera). Orthoptera Species File 6. 261
  • Rehn, J. A. G., and H. J. Grant. (1958) The phallic complex in the subfamilies of New World Eumastacidae and the family Tanaoceridae. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 110: 301-319, pl. 26-30.
  • Roberts, H. R. (1941) A comparative study of the subfamilies of the Acrididae (Orthoptera) primarily on the basis of their phallic structures. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 93: 201-246
  • Ross, A. J. and E. A. Jarzembowski (1993) Arthropoda (Hexapoda; Insecta). In: "The fossil record, 2nd edition", (I. Benton & M. A. Whyte, Eds.), pp. 363-426, London, Chapman and Hall.
  • Rowell CHF Flook PK (1998) Phylogeny of the Caelifera and the Orthoptera as derived from ribosomal RNA gene sequences. J. Orthopt. Res. 7: 147-156.
  • S. W. Heads. 2008. The first fossil Proscopiidae (Insecta, Orthoptera, Eumastacoidea) with comments on the historical biogeography and evolution of the family. Palaeontology 51(2):499-507
  • Sharov, A. G. (1971) Phylogeny of the Orthopteroidea. (translated from the Russian). Israel Program for scientific translations, Jerusalem. (Translated from Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Trudy palaeontologicheskogo Instituta 118).
  • Zeuner, H. (1942) The Locustopsidae and the phylogeny of the Acridodea (Orthoptera). Proc. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. (Series B) 11: 1-18.
  • Zeuner, H. (1942) The fossil Acrididae (Orth. Salt.) Part II. Oedipodinae. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (Ser. 11) 9: 128-134.
  • Zeuner, H. (1942) The fossil Acrididae (Orth. Salt.) Part III. Acridinae. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (Ser. 11) 9: 304-314.
  • Zeuner, H. (1944) The fossil Acrididae (Orth. Salt.) Part IV. Acrididae incerta sedis and addendum to Catantopinae. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (Ser. 11) 9: 359-383.


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