Comprehensive Description

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Furcodontichthys Rapp Py-Daniel, 1981 ZBK .

Type species: Furcodontichthys novaesi Rapp Py-Daniel, 1981 ZBK .

Holotype : INPAT.79-014 , Brazil , State of Amazonas , Rio Solimoes , Tefe Lake at Caititu .

Gender: masculine.

This monotypic genus is known from the middle Amazon at Lake Tefé and from the upper Jurua River drainage in the Solimões River basin. Furcodontichthys ZBK inhabits sandy substrates. Evers & Seidel (2005) captured Furcodontichthys novaesi ZBK at night, on a sand bank, in black waters of the Rio Tefé . As with representatives of the Loricariichthys ZBK group, males of Furcodontichthys ZBK show a hypertrophied development of the lips suggesting that this genus is a lip brooder. The presence of conspicuous fringed barbels at the lip corners is unique among the Loricariinae . These barbels have branching patterns comparable to those of the Pseudohemiodon ZBK group.

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