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North American Ecology (US and Canada)In North America, Tmolus echion is a resident Hawaii only, and a rare stray in Texas (Scott 1986). It ranges to S. America. Habitats are subtropical scrub and open forest. Host plants include species from many families, including Solanaceae, Verbenaceae, Boraginaceae, Labiatea, Anacardiaceae, Malpighiaceae, Acanthaceae. Eggs are laid on the host plant flowers singly. Multiple flights year-round in Hawaii and Mexico (Scott 1986).