Overview

Brief Summary

North American Ecology (US and Canada)

Resident in patchy distribution in western North America (Scott 1986). Habitats are UPPER SONORAN ZONE TO CANADIAN ZONE OPEN WOODLAND. Hosts plants are usually shrubs with most known hosts largely restricted to one genus, Ribes (Grossulariaceae). Eggs are laid on or near the host plant singly. Individuals overwinter as eggs. There is one flight each year with the approximate flight time JUL1-AUG31 in the northern part of the range and MAY31-JUL31 in the southern part of their range (Scott 1986).
  • Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press.
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Distribution

occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

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Global Range: (20,000-2,500,000 square km (about 8000-1,000,000 square miles)) Mountains of western North America, from Oregon south to California, east to the Great Plains. Somewhat local.

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Physical Description

Type Information

Type for Polyommatus arota Boisduval, 1852
Catalog Number: USNM
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Entomology
Collector(s): Lorquin
Locality: Californie. Date:Unknown, California, United States
  • Type:
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Ecology

Habitat

Comments: Usually below 8000 ft.; in moist areas, mountain meadows, clearings. Larval host is genus Ribes. Mostly a woodland species often in canyons.

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Migration

Non-Migrant: No. All populations of this species make significant seasonal migrations.

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.

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Population Biology

Number of Occurrences

Note: For many non-migratory species, occurrences are roughly equivalent to populations.

Estimated Number of Occurrences: 81 to >300

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Global Abundance

10,000 to >1,000,000 individuals

Comments: Quite common.

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Life History and Behavior

Behavior

Adults feed on flower nectar, mud, berry juices. Males perch for females (Scott, 1986).
  • Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Lycaena arota

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Lycaena arota

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 10
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N5 - Secure

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

Reasons: Common, relatively widespread.

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Threats

Degree of Threat: D : Unthreatened throughout its range, communities may be threatened in minor portions of the range or degree of variation falls within natural variation

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Management

Global Protection: Many to very many (13 to >40) occurrences appropriately protected and managed

Comments: Occurs in many National Parks and Forests, etc.

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Wikipedia

Lycaena arota

The Tailed Copper (Lycaena arota) is a butterfly of the Lycaenidae family. It is found from New Mexico north and west to Oregon, south to southern California and Baja California.[2]

The average wingspan ranges from 30–35 mm. Each hindwing has a tail. The upper surface of the males is copper-brown with an iridescent purple sheen. The upperside of the females has an orange and dark brown pattern. The underside of both males and females is grey, with black spots on the forewings and a band of white crescents on the hindwings. Adults are on wing from May to August in one generation per year. They feed on flower nectar.

The larvae feed on the leaves of Ribes species. The species overwinters as an egg.

Subspecies[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lycaena at funet.fi
  2. ^ Tailed Copper, Butterflies and Moths of North America


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