The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Bigelow, Henry B., Daniel M. Cohen, Myvanwy M. Dick, Robert H. Gibbs, Jr., Marion Grey, et. al. 1964. Fishes of the Western North Atlantic, Memoir, no. 1. Part Four: Soft-rayed Bony fishes : Order Isospondyli (part), Suborder Argentinoidea, Suborder Stomiatoidea, Suborder Esocoidea, Suborder Bathylaconoidea, Order Giganturoidei. 599
- Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, no. 1, vol 1-3. 2905
- Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600