Evolution and Systematics
Nest of tropical hornet sheds water via conical roof.
"The conical shape of the [nest of the] tropical hornet Vespa affinis leads rain water efficiently away from the nest." (Pallasmaa 1995:12)
Learn more about this functional adaptation.
- Pallasmaa, J. 1995. Animal architecture. Helsinki: Museum of Finnish Architecture. 126 p.
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