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Myopsid squids are neritic, often in very shallow water, or upper slope demersal species. Many species are strong swimmers, occur in large schools and are fished commercially for food. The Loliginidae contains many species some of which reach a rather large size (at least 90 cm ML in Loligo forbesii) but those in Pickfordiateuthis, are dwarf species where males may mature at less than 14 mm ML (Brachoniecki, 1996). The Australiteuthidae contains a single species that is also a dwarf with males that mature as small as 17 mm ML (Lu, 2005).

Brief diagnosis:

A decapodiform ...

  • with corneal membranes covering eye lenses.
  • without secondary eyelids.
  • with well-developed gladius.


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