Comprehensive DescriptionRead full entry
The genus Echiodon Thompson ZBK , 1837, comprises a group of 12 known species of pearlfishes found in a depth range of 18-2000m (Markle and Olney 1990; Williams and Machida 1992; Markle 1999). Echiodon ZBK species are mainly deep-pelagic forms, although Markle (1999) suggested at least some may be facultative commensals (in benthic invertebrates like some other pearlfishes). Six of the 12 species of Echiodon ZBK are found in temperate waters of the Southern Ocean. During cruise ICEFISH-04 (May to July 2004) across the South Atlantic on RVIB NATHANIEL B. PALMER, a specimen of Echiodon ZBK was captured at the Tristan da Cunha Group. Originally thought by me to represent the circumglobal, austral E. cryomargarites Markle, Williams and Olney ZBK , 1983, it possesses several characters in combination that reveal it is unnamed.