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Vertiginidae, common name the whorl snails, is a family of minute, air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod molluscs or micromollusks in the superfamily Pupilloidea.[2]


The distribution of the Vertiginidae is in the Northern Hemisphere: North America (60 species), Eurasia (30 species), North and central Africa (3-5 species).[1] That gives a total of approximately 93-95 species.


Snails in this family inhabit habitats ranging from forests to semi-open and open habitats with various different kinds of substrate cover, vegetation and humidity.[1] They feed on microflora - bacteria and fungi - growing on dead and living plants.[1]


The following three subfamilies were recognized in the taxonomy of Bouchet & Rocroi (2005):[2]

  • Subfamily Vertigininae Fitzinger, 1833
    • Tribe Vertiginini Fitzinger, 1833
    • Tribe Truncatellinini Steenberg, 1925 - synonyms: Truncatellininae; Columellinae Schileyko, 1998
  • Subfamily Gastrocoptinae Pilsbry, 1918 - synonyms: Hypselostomatinae Zilch, 1959; Aulacospirinae Zilch, 1959
  • Subfamily Nesopupinae Steenberg, 1925 - synonym: Cylindrovertillidae Iredale, 1940


Genera in the family Vertiginidae include:

Subfamily Vertigininae

Tribe Vertiginini

Tribe Truncatellinini

Subfamily Gastrocoptinae

Subfamily Nesopupinae

Subfamily ?


This article incorporates public domain text from the reference.[1]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Family summary for Vertiginidae. AnimalBase, last modified 03-09-2006, accessed 23 June 2009.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Bouchet P., Rocroi J.-P., Frýda J., Hausdorf B., Ponder W., Valdés Á. & Warén A. (2005). "Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families". Malacologia: International Journal of Malacology (Hackenheim, Germany: ConchBooks) 47 (1-2): 1–397. ISBN 3925919724. ISSN 0076-2997. 
  3. ^ a b c "Mollusca". Diversidad Biológica Cubana, accessed 23 March 2011.
  4. ^ Sterkia clementina. NatureServe Explorer, accessed 1 August 2010.


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