Overview

Comprehensive Description

Siphonaria pectinata possesses an oval, limpet-like shell that is white to cream-tan in color with numerous radial brown stripes. Examined from above, the apex is slightly off-center with respect to both x-axis and y-axis midlines. As with other members of the family, the underside of the shell exhibits a c-shaped muscle scar (often indistinct) that opens to one side. The underside also shows a shallow siphonal groove that passes through the open end of the muscle scar.Members of the Siphonariidae family are not true limpets. They are a distinct gastropod family exhibiting an evolutionarily convergent (unrelated species exhibit similar form and function) shell morphology well suited for life on wave-swept rocky intertidal shorelines.
  • Baker P., Baker S.M., and Jon Fajans. 2004. Nonindigenous marine species in the greater Tampa Bay ecosystem. Tampa Bay Estuary Program Technical Publication 02-04. 131p.
  • Biskupiak J.E. and C.M. Ireland. 1983. Pectinatone, a new antibiotic from the mollusc Siphonaria pectinata. Tetrahedron Letters 24:3055-3058.
  • Carlton J.T. 1992. Introduced marine and estuarine mollusks of North America: An end-of-the-20th-Century perspective. Journal of Shellfish Research 11:489-505.
  • Craig A.K., Dobkin S., Grimm R.B., and J.B. Davidson. 1969. The Gastropod, Siphonaria pectinata: a Factor in Destruction of Beach Rock. American Zoologist 9:895-901.
  • Lowell R.B. 1984. Desiccation of intertidal limpets: Effects of shell size, fit to substratum, and shape. Journal of Marine Biology and Ecology 77:197-207.
  • McAlister R.O. and F.M. Fisher. 1968. Responses of the false limpet, Siphonaria pectinata Linnaeus (Gastropoda, Pulmonata) to osmotic stress. Biological Bulletin 134:96-117.
  • Morrison J.P.E. 1963. Notes on American Siphonaria. Annual Reports of the American Malacological Union 1963:7-9.
  • Morrison J.P.E. 1972. Mediterranean Siphonaria: West and east-old and new. Argamon 3:51-62.
  • Ocana T.M.J., and R.H. Emson. 1999. Maturation, Spawning and Development in Siphonaria pectinata Linnaeus (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) at Gibraltar. Journal of Molecular Studies 65:185-193.
  • Ocana T. and D.A. Fa. 2003. Microalgal availability and consumption by Siphonaria pectinata (L., 1758) on a rock shore. Boletin del Instituto Espanol de Oceanografia 2003:1-4.
  • Voss, Nancy A. 1959. Studies on the pulmonate gastropod Siphonaria pectinata (Linnaeus) from the southeast coast of Florida. Bulletin of Marine Science 9:84-99.
  • Williams G.A. and D. Morritt. 1995. Habitat partitioning and thermal tolerance in a tropical limpet, Cellana grata. Marine Ecology Progress Series 124:89-103.
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Source: Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory

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Distribution

Siphonaria pectinata is widespread throughout the Mediterranean and Atlantic basin north of the equator. It is a common rocky high intertidal inhabitant on the Florida east coast and Florida Keys (Voss 1959, Baker et al. 2004). In east Florida Siphonaria pectinata is restricted primarily to rocky intertidal habitats. To the north and south of the India River Lagoon, various types of beach rock provide suitable habitat (Craig et al. 1969). Within the India River Lagoon region, however, the majority of rocky intertidal sites are manmade habitats such as inlet rock jetties, seawalls, and concrete pier and bridge pilings. In light of its dependence on manmade hard substrate, Baker et al. (2004) refer to S. pectinaria in Florida as an "urban" species.In the India River Lagoon S. pectinaria is a common to abundant inhabitant of the high inertidal rock inlet jetties that connect the estuary to the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Baker P., Baker S.M., and Jon Fajans. 2004. Nonindigenous marine species in the greater Tampa Bay ecosystem. Tampa Bay Estuary Program Technical Publication 02-04. 131p.
  • Biskupiak J.E. and C.M. Ireland. 1983. Pectinatone, a new antibiotic from the mollusc Siphonaria pectinata. Tetrahedron Letters 24:3055-3058.
  • Carlton J.T. 1992. Introduced marine and estuarine mollusks of North America: An end-of-the-20th-Century perspective. Journal of Shellfish Research 11:489-505.
  • Craig A.K., Dobkin S., Grimm R.B., and J.B. Davidson. 1969. The Gastropod, Siphonaria pectinata: a Factor in Destruction of Beach Rock. American Zoologist 9:895-901.
  • Lowell R.B. 1984. Desiccation of intertidal limpets: Effects of shell size, fit to substratum, and shape. Journal of Marine Biology and Ecology 77:197-207.
  • McAlister R.O. and F.M. Fisher. 1968. Responses of the false limpet, Siphonaria pectinata Linnaeus (Gastropoda, Pulmonata) to osmotic stress. Biological Bulletin 134:96-117.
  • Morrison J.P.E. 1963. Notes on American Siphonaria. Annual Reports of the American Malacological Union 1963:7-9.
  • Morrison J.P.E. 1972. Mediterranean Siphonaria: West and east-old and new. Argamon 3:51-62.
  • Ocana T.M.J., and R.H. Emson. 1999. Maturation, Spawning and Development in Siphonaria pectinata Linnaeus (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) at Gibraltar. Journal of Molecular Studies 65:185-193.
  • Ocana T. and D.A. Fa. 2003. Microalgal availability and consumption by Siphonaria pectinata (L., 1758) on a rock shore. Boletin del Instituto Espanol de Oceanografia 2003:1-4.
  • Voss, Nancy A. 1959. Studies on the pulmonate gastropod Siphonaria pectinata (Linnaeus) from the southeast coast of Florida. Bulletin of Marine Science 9:84-99.
  • Williams G.A. and D. Morritt. 1995. Habitat partitioning and thermal tolerance in a tropical limpet, Cellana grata. Marine Ecology Progress Series 124:89-103.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce

Source: Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory

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Physical Description

Size

The shell length of Siphonaria pectinata can reach about 30 mm, but most individuals only grow half as large (Baker et al. 2004).
  • Baker P., Baker S.M., and Jon Fajans. 2004. Nonindigenous marine species in the greater Tampa Bay ecosystem. Tampa Bay Estuary Program Technical Publication 02-04. 131p.
  • Biskupiak J.E. and C.M. Ireland. 1983. Pectinatone, a new antibiotic from the mollusc Siphonaria pectinata. Tetrahedron Letters 24:3055-3058.
  • Carlton J.T. 1992. Introduced marine and estuarine mollusks of North America: An end-of-the-20th-Century perspective. Journal of Shellfish Research 11:489-505.
  • Craig A.K., Dobkin S., Grimm R.B., and J.B. Davidson. 1969. The Gastropod, Siphonaria pectinata: a Factor in Destruction of Beach Rock. American Zoologist 9:895-901.
  • Lowell R.B. 1984. Desiccation of intertidal limpets: Effects of shell size, fit to substratum, and shape. Journal of Marine Biology and Ecology 77:197-207.
  • McAlister R.O. and F.M. Fisher. 1968. Responses of the false limpet, Siphonaria pectinata Linnaeus (Gastropoda, Pulmonata) to osmotic stress. Biological Bulletin 134:96-117.
  • Morrison J.P.E. 1963. Notes on American Siphonaria. Annual Reports of the American Malacological Union 1963:7-9.
  • Morrison J.P.E. 1972. Mediterranean Siphonaria: West and east-old and new. Argamon 3:51-62.
  • Ocana T.M.J., and R.H. Emson. 1999. Maturation, Spawning and Development in Siphonaria pectinata Linnaeus (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) at Gibraltar. Journal of Molecular Studies 65:185-193.
  • Ocana T. and D.A. Fa. 2003. Microalgal availability and consumption by Siphonaria pectinata (L., 1758) on a rock shore. Boletin del Instituto Espanol de Oceanografia 2003:1-4.
  • Voss, Nancy A. 1959. Studies on the pulmonate gastropod Siphonaria pectinata (Linnaeus) from the southeast coast of Florida. Bulletin of Marine Science 9:84-99.
  • Williams G.A. and D. Morritt. 1995. Habitat partitioning and thermal tolerance in a tropical limpet, Cellana grata. Marine Ecology Progress Series 124:89-103.
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© Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce

Source: Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory

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Look Alikes

Despite the convergent shell morphology of a number of unrelated IRL gastropod taxa, Siphonaria pectinata should be fairly easy to identify. Several keyhole limpets of the genus Diodora occur in the IRL and all of these are readily discernable by the presence of the 'keyhole' opening at the apex of the shell.
  • Baker P., Baker S.M., and Jon Fajans. 2004. Nonindigenous marine species in the greater Tampa Bay ecosystem. Tampa Bay Estuary Program Technical Publication 02-04. 131p.
  • Biskupiak J.E. and C.M. Ireland. 1983. Pectinatone, a new antibiotic from the mollusc Siphonaria pectinata. Tetrahedron Letters 24:3055-3058.
  • Carlton J.T. 1992. Introduced marine and estuarine mollusks of North America: An end-of-the-20th-Century perspective. Journal of Shellfish Research 11:489-505.
  • Craig A.K., Dobkin S., Grimm R.B., and J.B. Davidson. 1969. The Gastropod, Siphonaria pectinata: a Factor in Destruction of Beach Rock. American Zoologist 9:895-901.
  • Lowell R.B. 1984. Desiccation of intertidal limpets: Effects of shell size, fit to substratum, and shape. Journal of Marine Biology and Ecology 77:197-207.
  • McAlister R.O. and F.M. Fisher. 1968. Responses of the false limpet, Siphonaria pectinata Linnaeus (Gastropoda, Pulmonata) to osmotic stress. Biological Bulletin 134:96-117.
  • Morrison J.P.E. 1963. Notes on American Siphonaria. Annual Reports of the American Malacological Union 1963:7-9.
  • Morrison J.P.E. 1972. Mediterranean Siphonaria: West and east-old and new. Argamon 3:51-62.
  • Ocana T.M.J., and R.H. Emson. 1999. Maturation, Spawning and Development in Siphonaria pectinata Linnaeus (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) at Gibraltar. Journal of Molecular Studies 65:185-193.
  • Ocana T. and D.A. Fa. 2003. Microalgal availability and consumption by Siphonaria pectinata (L., 1758) on a rock shore. Boletin del Instituto Espanol de Oceanografia 2003:1-4.
  • Voss, Nancy A. 1959. Studies on the pulmonate gastropod Siphonaria pectinata (Linnaeus) from the southeast coast of Florida. Bulletin of Marine Science 9:84-99.
  • Williams G.A. and D. Morritt. 1995. Habitat partitioning and thermal tolerance in a tropical limpet, Cellana grata. Marine Ecology Progress Series 124:89-103.
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© Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce

Source: Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory

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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 2 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 0
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Trophic Strategy

Siphonaria pectinata is a grazer that forages short distances from its home scar in the rocky intertidal, scraping epiphytic (plant) material and from hard surfaces with its radula. Voss (1959) suggested the organism fed on encrusting material, but more recent studies indicates that S. pectinata instead grazes superficial, soft algae (including spores and emerging germlings) with its fine-toothed radula (Ocana and Fa 2003).
  • Baker P., Baker S.M., and Jon Fajans. 2004. Nonindigenous marine species in the greater Tampa Bay ecosystem. Tampa Bay Estuary Program Technical Publication 02-04. 131p.
  • Biskupiak J.E. and C.M. Ireland. 1983. Pectinatone, a new antibiotic from the mollusc Siphonaria pectinata. Tetrahedron Letters 24:3055-3058.
  • Carlton J.T. 1992. Introduced marine and estuarine mollusks of North America: An end-of-the-20th-Century perspective. Journal of Shellfish Research 11:489-505.
  • Craig A.K., Dobkin S., Grimm R.B., and J.B. Davidson. 1969. The Gastropod, Siphonaria pectinata: a Factor in Destruction of Beach Rock. American Zoologist 9:895-901.
  • Lowell R.B. 1984. Desiccation of intertidal limpets: Effects of shell size, fit to substratum, and shape. Journal of Marine Biology and Ecology 77:197-207.
  • McAlister R.O. and F.M. Fisher. 1968. Responses of the false limpet, Siphonaria pectinata Linnaeus (Gastropoda, Pulmonata) to osmotic stress. Biological Bulletin 134:96-117.
  • Morrison J.P.E. 1963. Notes on American Siphonaria. Annual Reports of the American Malacological Union 1963:7-9.
  • Morrison J.P.E. 1972. Mediterranean Siphonaria: West and east-old and new. Argamon 3:51-62.
  • Ocana T.M.J., and R.H. Emson. 1999. Maturation, Spawning and Development in Siphonaria pectinata Linnaeus (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) at Gibraltar. Journal of Molecular Studies 65:185-193.
  • Ocana T. and D.A. Fa. 2003. Microalgal availability and consumption by Siphonaria pectinata (L., 1758) on a rock shore. Boletin del Instituto Espanol de Oceanografia 2003:1-4.
  • Voss, Nancy A. 1959. Studies on the pulmonate gastropod Siphonaria pectinata (Linnaeus) from the southeast coast of Florida. Bulletin of Marine Science 9:84-99.
  • Williams G.A. and D. Morritt. 1995. Habitat partitioning and thermal tolerance in a tropical limpet, Cellana grata. Marine Ecology Progress Series 124:89-103.
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© Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce

Source: Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory

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Associations

S. pectinata co-occurs with other rocky intertidal species. In Florida, this assemblage includes several species of barnacles and littorinid snails.Invasion History: The striped falselimpet has been present in Florida waters since the 19th century. Morrison (1963, 1972) believed the species was introduced from the Mediterranean. Carlton (1992), however, suggests the western Atlantic to have been the source of invasion. In both cases accidental transport as fouling organisms on ship hulls is the putative vector. Consensus as to the origins of the species is lacking, however, and it is considered to be cryptogenic by many authorities. (Baker et al. 2004). Potential to Compete With Natives: Rocky intertidal marine communities occupy a classically space-limited environment. Competition between Siphonaria pectinata and native species would likely be for living spaces as well as food. The apparent dietary semi-specialization of S. pectinata on superficial, soft microalgae may serve to reduce competition with other grazers that consume harder encrusting material (Ocana and Fa 2003).In some instances, S. pectinata may function as an ecosystem engineer. Craig et al. (1969) reported that grazing by this species facilitates the formation of secondary solution features characteristic of south Florida beach rock by exposing new rock surfaces to biochemical erosion. Possible Economic Consequences of Invasion: The economic impacts of striped falselimpets has been deemed negligible in the Tampa Bay estuary system (Baker et al. 2004), and a similar assumption may be made with regard to the IRL and Florida east coast where the species occurs.
  • Baker P., Baker S.M., and Jon Fajans. 2004. Nonindigenous marine species in the greater Tampa Bay ecosystem. Tampa Bay Estuary Program Technical Publication 02-04. 131p.
  • Biskupiak J.E. and C.M. Ireland. 1983. Pectinatone, a new antibiotic from the mollusc Siphonaria pectinata. Tetrahedron Letters 24:3055-3058.
  • Carlton J.T. 1992. Introduced marine and estuarine mollusks of North America: An end-of-the-20th-Century perspective. Journal of Shellfish Research 11:489-505.
  • Craig A.K., Dobkin S., Grimm R.B., and J.B. Davidson. 1969. The Gastropod, Siphonaria pectinata: a Factor in Destruction of Beach Rock. American Zoologist 9:895-901.
  • Lowell R.B. 1984. Desiccation of intertidal limpets: Effects of shell size, fit to substratum, and shape. Journal of Marine Biology and Ecology 77:197-207.
  • McAlister R.O. and F.M. Fisher. 1968. Responses of the false limpet, Siphonaria pectinata Linnaeus (Gastropoda, Pulmonata) to osmotic stress. Biological Bulletin 134:96-117.
  • Morrison J.P.E. 1963. Notes on American Siphonaria. Annual Reports of the American Malacological Union 1963:7-9.
  • Morrison J.P.E. 1972. Mediterranean Siphonaria: West and east-old and new. Argamon 3:51-62.
  • Ocana T.M.J., and R.H. Emson. 1999. Maturation, Spawning and Development in Siphonaria pectinata Linnaeus (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) at Gibraltar. Journal of Molecular Studies 65:185-193.
  • Ocana T. and D.A. Fa. 2003. Microalgal availability and consumption by Siphonaria pectinata (L., 1758) on a rock shore. Boletin del Instituto Espanol de Oceanografia 2003:1-4.
  • Voss, Nancy A. 1959. Studies on the pulmonate gastropod Siphonaria pectinata (Linnaeus) from the southeast coast of Florida. Bulletin of Marine Science 9:84-99.
  • Williams G.A. and D. Morritt. 1995. Habitat partitioning and thermal tolerance in a tropical limpet, Cellana grata. Marine Ecology Progress Series 124:89-103.
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Source: Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory

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Population Biology

Where suitable habitat can be found Siphonaria pectinata can be among the most abundant gastropods of the high intertidal on Florida's east coast. Whitney Laboratory in St. Augustine lists the species as common, indicating that 10-50 individuals can easily be collected from the field in a day. The species is similarly perennially abundant on the rock jetties of Fort Pierce Inlet of the IRL in St. Lucie County.
  • Baker P., Baker S.M., and Jon Fajans. 2004. Nonindigenous marine species in the greater Tampa Bay ecosystem. Tampa Bay Estuary Program Technical Publication 02-04. 131p.
  • Biskupiak J.E. and C.M. Ireland. 1983. Pectinatone, a new antibiotic from the mollusc Siphonaria pectinata. Tetrahedron Letters 24:3055-3058.
  • Carlton J.T. 1992. Introduced marine and estuarine mollusks of North America: An end-of-the-20th-Century perspective. Journal of Shellfish Research 11:489-505.
  • Craig A.K., Dobkin S., Grimm R.B., and J.B. Davidson. 1969. The Gastropod, Siphonaria pectinata: a Factor in Destruction of Beach Rock. American Zoologist 9:895-901.
  • Lowell R.B. 1984. Desiccation of intertidal limpets: Effects of shell size, fit to substratum, and shape. Journal of Marine Biology and Ecology 77:197-207.
  • McAlister R.O. and F.M. Fisher. 1968. Responses of the false limpet, Siphonaria pectinata Linnaeus (Gastropoda, Pulmonata) to osmotic stress. Biological Bulletin 134:96-117.
  • Morrison J.P.E. 1963. Notes on American Siphonaria. Annual Reports of the American Malacological Union 1963:7-9.
  • Morrison J.P.E. 1972. Mediterranean Siphonaria: West and east-old and new. Argamon 3:51-62.
  • Ocana T.M.J., and R.H. Emson. 1999. Maturation, Spawning and Development in Siphonaria pectinata Linnaeus (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) at Gibraltar. Journal of Molecular Studies 65:185-193.
  • Ocana T. and D.A. Fa. 2003. Microalgal availability and consumption by Siphonaria pectinata (L., 1758) on a rock shore. Boletin del Instituto Espanol de Oceanografia 2003:1-4.
  • Voss, Nancy A. 1959. Studies on the pulmonate gastropod Siphonaria pectinata (Linnaeus) from the southeast coast of Florida. Bulletin of Marine Science 9:84-99.
  • Williams G.A. and D. Morritt. 1995. Habitat partitioning and thermal tolerance in a tropical limpet, Cellana grata. Marine Ecology Progress Series 124:89-103.
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© Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce

Source: Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory

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Life History and Behavior

Reproduction

A study by Ocana and Emson (1999) reveals aspects of the reproductive biology of S. pectinata populations from Gibraltar that may hold for animals in Florida. Maturation occurred between 6-12 months of age when individuals attained a shell length of 5-6 mm. Spawning occurred from March to June, with activity peaking in the second half of this timeframe. Spawning and egg deposit appeared to be less common at exposed sites relative to protected sites.Small oval ribbons containing several hundred (and up to one-thousand) eggs in a gelatinous matrix are deposited in shallow depressions, cracks and crevices, usually away from home scars the limpets return to at low tide (Voss 1959, Ocana and Emson 1999).
  • Baker P., Baker S.M., and Jon Fajans. 2004. Nonindigenous marine species in the greater Tampa Bay ecosystem. Tampa Bay Estuary Program Technical Publication 02-04. 131p.
  • Biskupiak J.E. and C.M. Ireland. 1983. Pectinatone, a new antibiotic from the mollusc Siphonaria pectinata. Tetrahedron Letters 24:3055-3058.
  • Carlton J.T. 1992. Introduced marine and estuarine mollusks of North America: An end-of-the-20th-Century perspective. Journal of Shellfish Research 11:489-505.
  • Craig A.K., Dobkin S., Grimm R.B., and J.B. Davidson. 1969. The Gastropod, Siphonaria pectinata: a Factor in Destruction of Beach Rock. American Zoologist 9:895-901.
  • Lowell R.B. 1984. Desiccation of intertidal limpets: Effects of shell size, fit to substratum, and shape. Journal of Marine Biology and Ecology 77:197-207.
  • McAlister R.O. and F.M. Fisher. 1968. Responses of the false limpet, Siphonaria pectinata Linnaeus (Gastropoda, Pulmonata) to osmotic stress. Biological Bulletin 134:96-117.
  • Morrison J.P.E. 1963. Notes on American Siphonaria. Annual Reports of the American Malacological Union 1963:7-9.
  • Morrison J.P.E. 1972. Mediterranean Siphonaria: West and east-old and new. Argamon 3:51-62.
  • Ocana T.M.J., and R.H. Emson. 1999. Maturation, Spawning and Development in Siphonaria pectinata Linnaeus (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) at Gibraltar. Journal of Molecular Studies 65:185-193.
  • Ocana T. and D.A. Fa. 2003. Microalgal availability and consumption by Siphonaria pectinata (L., 1758) on a rock shore. Boletin del Instituto Espanol de Oceanografia 2003:1-4.
  • Voss, Nancy A. 1959. Studies on the pulmonate gastropod Siphonaria pectinata (Linnaeus) from the southeast coast of Florida. Bulletin of Marine Science 9:84-99.
  • Williams G.A. and D. Morritt. 1995. Habitat partitioning and thermal tolerance in a tropical limpet, Cellana grata. Marine Ecology Progress Series 124:89-103.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce

Source: Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory

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Growth

Ocana and Emson (1999) report that fertilized eggs took 14-21 days to develop at ambient temperatures of 14-19ºC. Larvae hatch out as free-swimming veligers exhibiting a planktonic larval stage of short duration. Voss (1959) indicates this to be a primitive trait in pulmonate gastropods.
  • Baker P., Baker S.M., and Jon Fajans. 2004. Nonindigenous marine species in the greater Tampa Bay ecosystem. Tampa Bay Estuary Program Technical Publication 02-04. 131p.
  • Biskupiak J.E. and C.M. Ireland. 1983. Pectinatone, a new antibiotic from the mollusc Siphonaria pectinata. Tetrahedron Letters 24:3055-3058.
  • Carlton J.T. 1992. Introduced marine and estuarine mollusks of North America: An end-of-the-20th-Century perspective. Journal of Shellfish Research 11:489-505.
  • Craig A.K., Dobkin S., Grimm R.B., and J.B. Davidson. 1969. The Gastropod, Siphonaria pectinata: a Factor in Destruction of Beach Rock. American Zoologist 9:895-901.
  • Lowell R.B. 1984. Desiccation of intertidal limpets: Effects of shell size, fit to substratum, and shape. Journal of Marine Biology and Ecology 77:197-207.
  • McAlister R.O. and F.M. Fisher. 1968. Responses of the false limpet, Siphonaria pectinata Linnaeus (Gastropoda, Pulmonata) to osmotic stress. Biological Bulletin 134:96-117.
  • Morrison J.P.E. 1963. Notes on American Siphonaria. Annual Reports of the American Malacological Union 1963:7-9.
  • Morrison J.P.E. 1972. Mediterranean Siphonaria: West and east-old and new. Argamon 3:51-62.
  • Ocana T.M.J., and R.H. Emson. 1999. Maturation, Spawning and Development in Siphonaria pectinata Linnaeus (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) at Gibraltar. Journal of Molecular Studies 65:185-193.
  • Ocana T. and D.A. Fa. 2003. Microalgal availability and consumption by Siphonaria pectinata (L., 1758) on a rock shore. Boletin del Instituto Espanol de Oceanografia 2003:1-4.
  • Voss, Nancy A. 1959. Studies on the pulmonate gastropod Siphonaria pectinata (Linnaeus) from the southeast coast of Florida. Bulletin of Marine Science 9:84-99.
  • Williams G.A. and D. Morritt. 1995. Habitat partitioning and thermal tolerance in a tropical limpet, Cellana grata. Marine Ecology Progress Series 124:89-103.
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© Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce

Source: Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Siphonaria pectinata

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 3 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

TTGCGGTGATTATTTTCGACAAATCATAAAGATATTGGTACTTTATATATAGTATTTGGAATGTGATGTGGTCTTGTTGGTACTGGTTTG---AGTCTTTTAATTCGATTCGAGTTAGGAACAGCAGGAGCATTTTTAGGTGAT---GATCATTTTTATAATGTAATTGTTACTGCCCATGCGTTTGTAATAATTTTTTTTATAGTTATACCTTTAATAATTGGTGGTTTCGGAAATTGAATGGATCCCCTTCTT---ATTGGAGCTCCTGATATAAGATTTCCTCGAATAAATAATATAAGGTTTTGATTATTACCACCTTCTTTCATTTTACTATTATCTTCAAGATTAATAGAAGGTGGAGCAGGAACTGGTTGAACAGTGTACCCTCCTCTTAGTGGACCAATTGCTCACGGAGGATCATCAGTAGATTTG---GTTATTTTTTCCTTACATCTTGCTGGAATGTCTTCTATTTTAGGGGCAATTAATTTTATTACTACTATTTTTAATATACGGTCTCCTGGTATAAATATGGAACGGCTAAGTTTATTTGTATGATCTGTACTTGTAACAGCTTTTCTTCTTTTACTTTCTCTTCCAGTATTGGCTGGA---GCTATTACAATGTTATTGACAGATCGTAATTTTAATACTAGATTTTTTGACCCTGCGGGAGGAGGTGATCCTATTTTATATCAACATTTATTTTGGTTTTTTGGTCATCCAGAAGTATATATTTTAATTCTTCCAGGATTTGGTATAATTTCTCATATTTTAAGTAATTTCTCTTCAAAAGCT------GCTTTTGGAACACTAGGAATAATTTATGCAATGATTTCAATTGGAGTATTAGGATTTATTGTATGAGCTCATCATATGTTTACGGTTGGGATAGATGTTGATACTCGAGCCTATTTCACAGCAGCCACAATAGTAATTGCTGTTCCTACAGGGATTAAAGTGTTTAGTTGGTTAATA---ACCTTATATGGAAGT---CGTGGACCTTTAGATGCTTCTATGTATTGAGTATTAGGGTTCATTTTCTTATTTACATTAGGTGGACTTACTGGTATTGTGCTTTCTAACTCATCTTTAGATATTATACTTCATGATACTTATTATGTTGTTGCCCATTTCCATTATGTT---TTATCAATAGGGGCAGTATTTGCAATTTTTGGTGGATTTGTTTATTGATTCCCTGTGATAACTGGGTTAGTATTACATGAACGTTGAGCAAAGGTTCATTTTTTAGTTATGTTCTTCGCCGTTAATCTAACCTTCTTCCCTCAACATTTTCTAGGATTAGCTGGAATGCCTCGA---CGATATTCTGATTATCCAGATGCATATTAC---AAATGAAATCAAATTTCTTCTTTTGGATCTCTTTTTTCTGTTATTGCGGTAATTATGTTTGTGTTTCTCTTATGAGAAGCTTTTGTAACTCACCGAAGAGCA---TTATTTAGAGTAGCT---CCTTCTTTA
-- end --

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Siphonaria pectinata

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 7
Specimens with Barcodes: 14
Species With Barcodes: 1
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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Siphonaria pectinata

Siphonaria pectinata, common name the striped false limpet, is a species of air-breathing sea snail or false limpet, a marine pulmonate gastropod mollusc in the family Siphonariidae, the false limpets.

The complete nucleotide sequence of the mitochondrial genome of Siphonaria pectinata has been available since 2008.[1]

In 2008, based on nucleotide sequences of mitochondrial genomes, Grande et al. (2008)[2] proposed that this species should be recognized as a member of the Opisthobranchia rather than the Pulmonata.

Distribution[edit]

This species lives high in the intertidal zone on rocky shores in the North Atlantic Ocean, including in the east, the Mediterranean Sea, and in the west, East Florida and the Florida Keys. [1] =)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grande C., Templado J. & Zardoya R. 2008. Evolution of gastropod mitochondrial genome arrangements. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2008, 8:61. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-8-61
  2. ^ Grande C., Templado J. & Zardoya R. (2008). "Evolution of gastropod mitochondrial genome arrangements". BMC Evolutionary Biology 2008, 8: 61. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-8-61
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