The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Nakamura, I. and N.V. Parin. 1997. Snake Mackerels and Cutlassfishes of the world (Families Gempylidae and Trichiuridae): An annotated and illustrated catalogue of snake mackerels, snoeks, escolars, gemfishes, sackfishes, domine, oilfish, cutlassfishes, scabbardfishes, hairtails.. FAO Fisheries Synopsis (125), vol. 15
  • Nakamura, I., and N. V. Parin. 1993. Snake Mackerels and Cutlassfishes of the World (Families Gempylidae and Trichiuridae): An Annotated and Illustrated Catalogue of the Snake Mackerels, Snoeks, Escolars, Gemfishes, Sackfishes, Domine, Oilfish, Cutlassfishes, Scabbardfishes, Hairtails.. FAO Fisheries Synopsis, no. 125, vol. 15. vii + 136
  • Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad., 1863, 225, 227.


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