The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Brinkhurst, R. O., and B. G. M. Jamieson / Brinkhurst, R. O., and B. G. M. Jamieson, eds. 1971. Chapter 9: Phreodrilidae. Aquatic Oligochaeta of the World. 860
  • Timm, T. (2005). Tubificina. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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