The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Compagno, Leonard J. V. / Hamlett, William C., ed. 1999. Checklist of Living Elasmobranchs. Sharks, Skates, and Rays: The Biology of Elasmobranch Fishes. 471-498
  • Eschmeyer, William N. 1990. Genera of Recent Fishes. iii + 697
  • Mag. Neuste Phys. u. Nat., 6 (3), 31.
  • Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600
  • Shiino, Sueo M. 1976. List of Common Names of Fishes of the World, Those Prevailing among English-speaking Nations. Science Report of Shima Marineland, no. 4. 262


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