The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Almy, C. y Carrión-Torres, C. 1963. Shallow Water Stony Corals of Puerto Rico. Caribbean Journal of Science. 3 (2 & 3) : 133-162.
  • Alvarenga, K., Nuengsigkapian, P., Schulman, M., Speier, S. y Tsioumani, E. 2002. Lo más destacado de la COP-12 de CITES. Boletín de Negociaciones de la Tierra. 21 (22): 2
  • Aronson, R., Bruckner, A., Moore,J., Precht,B. y Weil,E. 2008. Cladocora arbuscula In: IUCN 2010. [en línea] [consulta: 30/abril/2010]
  • Cairns S. D., 1978 . 9-10. Article:A checklist of the ahermatypic Scleractinia of the Gulf of Mexico, with the description of a new species. Pages:9-15. Journal:Gulf Research Reports. Abbreviation:. Volume: 6. Number:1. Date of publication: 1978. External link.
  • Cairns S. D., 1982 . 272, 289-290, Figure 128e. Reference type:Chapter. Chapter:Stony corals (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa, Scleractinia) of Carrie Bow Cay, Belize. Chapter number:17. Pages:271-302. Book Title:The Atlantic Barrier Reef Ecosystem at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize, I. Structure and communities. Edited by:Klaus Rützler and Ian G. Macintyre. Publisher:Smithsonian Institution Press. City:Washington. Date of publication: 1982. External link.
  • Cairns, Stephen D. 1999. Species richness of recent Scleractinia. Atoll Research Bulletin, no. 59. 1-46
  • Castro C. B., Echeverría C. A., Pires D. d., and Fonseca C. G., 1999 . 183, 184. Reference type:Chapter. Chapter:Distribuição do bentos (Cnidaria e Echinodermata) em costões rochosos da Baía da Ilha Grande, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Chapter Pages:179-193. Book Title:Ecologia do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (in Série Oecologia Brasiliensis). Volume:VII. Edited by:S. H. G. Silva and H. P. Lavrado. Publisher:PPGE-UFRJ. City:Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Date of publication: 1999. External link.
  • Chevalier J. P., 1966 (original description). 931-934. Article:Contribution àl'étude des Madréporaires des côtes occidentales de l'Afrique tropicale (1re partie). Pages:912-985. Journal:Buleltin de l'Institut Fondamental de l'Afrique Noire. Abbreviation:Bull. Inst. Fondam. Afr. Noire, Notes et documents. Volume: 28. Number:3. Date of publication: July 1966, 1966. External link.
  • Geister, J. 1973. Los Arrecifes de la Isla de San Andrés (Mar Caribe, Colombia). Mitteilungen aus dem Instituto Colombo-Alemán de Investigaciones Científicas de Punta de Betín. (7) : 221-228.
  • Golberg, W. W. 1973. The Ecology of the Coral-Octocoral communities off the South East Florida Coast: Geomorphology. Species Composition and Zonation. Bulletin of Marine Science. 23 (3): 465-488
  • Goreau, T. F. 1959. The Ecology of Jamaican Coral Reefs. I. Species Composition and Zonation. Ecology. 40 (1) : 67-90.
  • Goreau, T. F. y Wells, J. W. 1967. The Shallow Waters Scleractinian of Jamaica: Revised List of Species and their Vertical Distribution Range. Bulletin of Marine Science. 17 (2): 442-453
  • Horta-Puga, G. y Carricart-Ganivet, J. P 1993. Corales pétreos recientes (Milleporina, Stylasterina y Scleractinia) de México. Biodiversidad Marina y Costera de México. : 80-90
  • Hubbard R. H. and Wells J. W., 1986 . 129 Figures 10, 12 (USNM 68468). Article:Ahermatypic shallow-water scleractinian corals of Trinidad. Pages:121-144. Journal:Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands. Abbreviation:Stud. Fauna. Curaçao Caribbean Isl. Volume: 68. Number:211. Date of publication: 1986. External link.
  • Kitahara M. V., 2007 . 502, 503, 508, 515. Article:Species Richness and Distribution of *Azooxanthellate scleractinia* in Brazil. Pages:497-518. Journal:Bulletin of Marine Science. Abbreviation:Bull. Mar. Sci. Volume: 81. Number:3. Date of publication: November 2007, 2007. External link.
  • Laborel J., 1970 (1969) . 32, 147, 160, 164, 194. Article:Les peuplements de madréporaires des côtes tropicales du Brésil. Pages:7-261. Journal:Annales de l'Université d'Abidjan. Abbreviation:Ann. Univ. Abidjan. Volume: 2. Number:3. Series:E. Date of publication: 1970 (1969). External link.
  • Laborel, J. 1970. Les Peuplements de Madréporeires des Cates Tropicales du Brésil. Annales de l'Universite d'Abidjan, Serie E. (3) : 261 pp.
  • Land J. van der (ed) (†) (2015). URMO: UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (version Nov 2008). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • NA. Boletín de Prensa Traffic Norteamérica. Latinoamerica.
  • Neves E., Johnsson R., Sampaio C., and Pichon M., 2006 . 52. Article:The occurrence of *Scolymia cubensis* in Brazil: revising the problem of the Caribbean solitary mussids. Pages:45-54. Journal:Zootaxa. Abbreviation:Zootaxa. Volume: 1366. Date of publication: 27 Nov., 2006. External link.
  • Olivares, M. A. 1971. Estudio Taxonómico de algunos Madreporarios del Golfo de Cariaco, Sucre, Venezuela. Boletín del Instituto Oceanográfico de la Universidad de Oriente. 10 (2): 73-78
  • Porter, J. W. 1972. Ecology and species diversity of coral reef on opposite sides of the Isthmus of Panama. Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington. (2): 89-116
  • Pourtalès L. F., 1871 . 30, 31, 60, 79, 89. Article:Deep-sea corals. Pages:1-93. Journal:Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College. Abbreviation:Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harv. Volume: 2. Number:IV. Date of publication: 1871. External link.
  • Ross, P. J. 1971. The Shallow Water Stony Corals of the Netherlands Antilles. Studies on the Fauna of Curacao and other Caribbean Islands. (130) : 108 pp.
  • Stoddart, D. R. 1969. Ecology and Morphology of Recent Coral Reefs. Biological Reviews. 44: 433-498.
  • Torruco-Gómez, D. 1995. Faunística y ecología de los corales escleractinios del sureste de México. Tesis (doctorado). Barcelona, España.
  • Torruco-Gómez, D. y González-Solis, A. 2002. Conservation and Sustainable Development Proposal for the Chinchorro Bank Reef Complex in the Mexican Caribbean. Proceedings of the 53th Annual Meeting of the Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute. : 659-669
  • Torruco-Gómez, D., González-Solis, A., Corbalá-Bermejo, J. A. y Gutiérrez-Castro, A. I. 2006. ¿Son Productivos los Arrecifes Degradados?: El Caso del Garrafón. Tercera Conferencia Mesoamericana de Turismo Sostenible. : 7-9
  • Vaughan T. W., 1906 . 848. Article:A new species of *Coenocyathus* from California and the Brazilian astrangid corals. Pages:847-850. Journal:Proceedings of the United States National Museum. Abbreviation:Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus. Volume: 30. Date of publication: 1906. External link.
  • Volpi C. and Benvenuti D., 2003 . 64. Article:The Duchassaing & Michelotti collection of Caribbean corals: status of the types and location of the specimens. Pages:51-74. Journal:Atti della Societa Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale de Milano . Abbreviation:Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Museo Civ. Stor. nat. Milano. Volume: 144. Part:I. Date of publication: Giugno [June], 2003. External link.
  • Weisbord, N. 1968. Some Late Cenozoic Stony Corals from Northern Venezuela. Bulletins of American Paleontology. (55): 246-288
  • Weisbord, N. 1974. Late Cenozoic Corals of South Florida. Bulletins of American Paleontology. 66 (285): 259-543
  • Zamponi M. O., 2005 . 7. Article:Estudio de la reproducción sexual de las anémonas de mar (Actiniaria) y la estrategia del hombre pobre (the poor man's game). Pages:. Journal:Revista Real Academia Galega de Ciencias. Abbreviation:. Volume: 24. Date of publication: 2005. External link.
  • Zlatarski V. N. and Estalella N. M., 1980 . 15, 17, 24, 26, 87-89, 192, 193, 203, 214, 218, 244, 246, 248, 250, 297, 307; Plate 41-43. Reference type:Book. Book title:Scleractinia of Cuba with data on the constituent organisms [in Bulgarian]. Edited by:None. Total pages:312. Publisher:Bulgarian Academy of Science. City:Sophia. Date of publication: 1980. External link.
  • Zlatarski, V. y Martínez-Estalella, N. 1982. Les Scleractiniaries de Cuba. Académie Bulgare des Sciences. Cuba.
  • de Paula A. F. and Creed J. C., 2004 . 175. Article:Two species of the coral *Tubastraea* (Cnidaria, Scleractinia) in Brazil: a case of accidental introduction. Pages:175-183. Journal:Bulletin of Marine Science. Abbreviation:Bull. Mar. Sci. Volume: 74. Number:1. Date of publication: 2004. External link.


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