Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology/Natural History: This species can grow to be one of the largest anemones in the world. Usually it is partially buried in the sand (so the tubercles on the column are usually mostly buried and not visible unless the anemone is partly excavated) Symbionts include the candy stripe shrimp Lebbeus grandimanus.
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Source: Invertebrates of the Salish Sea

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As with other Urticina, the column of this species has tubercles but no acontia. There are no special spherules (acrorhagia) around the outside rim of the oral disk outside the tentacles. Urticina columbiana is a large anemone with long slender tentacles and a red column. The large, rough white tubercles on the column do not attach to and accumulate bits of shell and other debris. The tubercles are arranged in circular rows around the column. Height to 25 cm, diameter to 1 m.
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Source: Invertebrates of the Salish Sea

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Distribution

Geographical Range: Vancouver Island to Baja California

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Source: Invertebrates of the Salish Sea

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Physical Description

Look Alikes

How to Distinguish from Similar Species: Urticina lofotensis also has a red column with white tubercles but it is a smaller anemone with tubercles smooth and arranged in vertical rows. Urticina piscivora and Urticina crassicornis may have a red column but do not have white tubercles and do not generally live in the sand.
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Source: Invertebrates of the Salish Sea

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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 3 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 4.55 - 30

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 4.55 - 30
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth Range: Subtidal down to 45 m

Habitat: This species usually lives partly buried in soft bottoms of sand, mud, or shells.

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Source: Invertebrates of the Salish Sea

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Urticina columbiana

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.

Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.

TTTGGAATAGGATCCGGTATGATAGGCACAGCTTTAAGTATGTTAATAAGATTGGAATTATCTGCCCCTGGTACTATGTTGGGGGAT---GATCATCTTTATAATGTCATAGTGACGGCACACGCCTTTATTATGATTTTCTTCCTAGTAATGCCAGTAATGATAGGAGGGTTTGGTAATTGGTTGGTACCACTATACATTGGTGCCCCCGATATGGCCTTCCCACGACTAAACAATATTAGTTTTTGGCTACTTCCTCCCGCGCTTATACTATTACTAGGTTCTGCCTTTGTTGAGCAAGGAGTGGGAACAGGGTGGACGGTATACCCTCCTCTATCCGGCATTCAAACGCACTCGGGAGGGGCGGTCGACATGGCCATCTTTAGCCTTCATTTAGCGGGTGCGTCTTCTATATTAGGGGCAATGRATTTTATAACAACCATATTTAATATGAGAGCACCGGGATTAACGATGGATAGACTCCCGCTATTTGTGTGGTCCATTTTAATTACTGCCTTTTTATTATTACTCTCCCTACCAGTCTTAGCAGGTGGAATAACCATGCTTTTAACAGATAGGAATTTTAATACAACTTTCTTTGACCCAGCAGGAGGTGGAGATCCCATCTTATTCCAA
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Urticina columbiana

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Urticina columbiana

Urticina columbiana, common names crusty red anemone, columbia sand anemone, sand anemone, and the sand-rose anemone,[1] is a species of sea anemone in the family Actiniidae.[2][3]

Description[edit]

This species can grow to 25 cm high and can reach a diameter of 1 metre, making it one of the largest species of anemone.[4] The tentacles are long and slender, taking the shape of a red column. The tubercles on the column are big and rough, having a white colour. They are organized in circular rows which protrude from the column. Unlike other species which may accumulate matter, the tubercles do not attach to ocean debris such as bits of shell. The column is red in colour.[3]

No special spherules are present around the external rim of the oral disk beyond the tentacles.[3]

Distribution[edit]

Urticina columbiana species occurs in the Pacific Ocean from Vancouver Island to Baja California.[3]

Habitat[edit]

This species is found between the subtidal zone to a depth of 45 metres. It normally lives among shells, in soft sand or mud. It is usually partially buried, with tubercles mostly under the sea floor.[3]

Symbionts[edit]

The candy stripe shrimp (Lebbeus grandimanus) is one of the symbionts of this species.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sand-rose anemone Retrieved 2012-11-10
  2. ^ "WoRMS - World Register of Marine Species - Urticina columbiana Verrill, 1922". Marinespecies.org. Retrieved 2012-10-30. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Dave Cowles. "Urticina columbiana". Wallawalla.edu. Retrieved 2012-10-30. 
  4. ^ "Crusty Red Anemone (Urticina columbiana) - Information on Crusty Red Anemone - Encyclopedia of Life". Eol.org. Retrieved 2012-10-30. 
  • Kozloff, Eugene N., 1987. Marine Invertebrates of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press, Seattle, WA. 511 pp. ISBN 0-295-96530-4
  • Harbo, Rick M., 1999, 2011. Whelks to Whales: Coastal Marine Life of the Pacific Northwest. Harbour Publishing, Madeira Park, BC, Canada. Paperback, 245 pp. ISBN 1-55017-183-6.
  • Lamb, Andy and Bernard P. Hanby, 2005. Marine Life of the Pacific Northwest. A Photographic Encyclopedia of Invertebrates, Seaweeds and Selected Fishes. 398 pp. Harbour Publishing. ISBN 1-55017-361-8.
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