The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Collins, J. W. 1884. History of the Tile-Fish. Washington, DC : Government Printing Office. Report of the Commissioner for 1882 (United Sates Commission of Fish and Fisheries); Plate II
- Eschmeyer, William N. 1990. Genera of Recent Fishes. iii + 697
- Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, no. 1, vol 1-3. 2905
- J. E. Fitch and R. J. Lavenberg. 1983. Teleost fish otoliths from Lee Creek Mine, Aurora, North Carolina (Yorktown Formation: Pliocene). Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 53:509-529
- Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600