Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 56 specimens in 3 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 46 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 20 - 3500
  Temperature range (°C): 1.485 - 27.169
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.835 - 40.241
  Salinity (PPS): 34.411 - 35.913
  Oxygen (ml/l): 1.240 - 5.741
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.267 - 2.883
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.141 - 151.223

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 20 - 3500

Temperature range (°C): 1.485 - 27.169

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.835 - 40.241

Salinity (PPS): 34.411 - 35.913

Oxygen (ml/l): 1.240 - 5.741

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.267 - 2.883

Silicate (umol/l): 2.141 - 151.223
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Associations

Known prey organisms

Isistius preys on:
Mesoplodon europaeus

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© SPIRE project

Source: SPIRE

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Wikipedia

Isistius

Isistius is a genus of dogfish sharks in the family Dalatiidae. They are commonly known as cookiecutter sharks. Members of the genus are known for their unusual behaviour and dentition.[2]


Species[edit]

Habits[edit]

The cookiecutter sharks, or 'cigar sharks' are noted as a genus of sharks that are unusual in the manner in which they replace their teeth. Instead of replacing teeth singly as they get damaged or lost, for example in hunting, such sharks replace the whole set. They can repeat such replacement throughout their lifetime.[3]


Cookiecutter sharks often attack large shoals of fish, but have been known to circle fishing vessels in order to get an easy meal. It is particularly notorious for biting small chunks off of a prey animal in passing. Large prey such as swordfish and cetaceans, may bear several healed wounds from such bites.[4]

Weaker prey may be injured enough to be weakened until they are unable to swim properly. They then are prone to sinking, enabling the Isistius to gorge. Isistius species can eat half of their own body weight at a time and are found in oceanic waters.

In unusual circumstances, cookiecutter sharks have been known to attack humans if they find them in their hunting grounds, and there even have been reports of their killing humans, circling them in great numbers while stripping their flesh.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera (Chondrichthyes entry)". Bulletins of American Paleontology 364: 560. 
  2. ^ Jones, E. C. 1971. Isistius brasiliensis. a squaloid shark. the probable cause of crater wounds on fishes and cetaceans; Fish. Bull. 69.791-98.
  3. ^ Strasburg, Donald W.; The Diet and Dentition of Isistius brasiliensis, with Remarks on Tooth Replacement in Other Sharks; Copeia, Vol. 1963, No. 1, Mar. 30, 1963 (pp. 33-40) Published by: American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1441272
  4. ^ Papastamatiou Yannis P., Wetherbee, Brad M., O'Sullivan, John, Goodmanlowe Gwen D. Lowe, Christopher G.; Foraging ecology of Cookiecutter Sharks (Isistius brasiliensis) on pelagic fishes in Hawaii, inferred from prey bite wounds.; Environmental Biology of Fishes, Volume 88, Number 4, 361-368, doi:10.1007/s10641-010-9649-2
Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!