Ecology

Associations

Flower-Visiting Insects of Panicled Aster in Illinois

Aster lanceolatus (Panicled Aster)
(Bees suck nectar or collect pollen; flies suck nectar or feed on pollen; beetles feed on pollen & are non-pollinating, or they suck nectar; other insects suck nectar; some observations are from Robertson, otherwise they are from Graenicher, Hilty, LaBerge, Moure & Hurd, Reed, and Krombein et al. as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn (Rb, Gr, H); Apidae (Bombini): Bombus affinis (Re), Bombus griseocallis sn cp (Gr, Re), Bombus impatiens sn (Rb, Re), Bombus pensylvanica sn, Bombus vagans (Re); Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina sp. (Re), Ceratina dupla dupla sn (Rb, Gr); Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Melissodes bimaculata bimaculata (LB), Melissodes boltoniae sn cp, Melissodes rustica sn cp, Melissodes subillata (Re); Anthophoridae (Xylocopini): Xylocopa virginica sn (Gr); Megachilidae (Coelioxini): Coelioxys octodentata sn; Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile brevis brevis sn cp, Megachile latimanus sn, Megachile mucida (Gr), Megachile relativa (Re); Megachilidae (Trypetini): Heriades leavitti sn

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon sericea sn (Rb, Gr), Agapostemon splendens (Re), Agapostemon texanus texanus (Re), Agapostemon virescens sn cp (Gr, Re), Augochlora purus purus sn (Gr), Augochlorella aurata sn, Augochlorella striata sn (Rb, Re), Augochloropsis metallica metallica (MH), Halictus sp. (Lasiglossum sp.) sn (Gr), Halictus confusus sn (Rb, Gr), Halictus ligatus sn cp fq (Rb, Gr, Re), Halictus rubicunda sn, Lasioglossum albipennis sn (Gr), Lasioglossum connexus sn cp (Gr), Lasioglossum coriaceus sn (Rb, Gr), Lasioglossum forbesii sn, Lasioglossum fuscipennis (MH), Lasioglossum imitatus sn cp fq, Lasioglossum paraforbesii (Re), Lasioglossum pectoralis sn, Lasioglossum pilosus (Re), Lasioglossum tegularis (MH), Lasioglossum versatus sn cp (Rb, Gr), Lasioglossum zephyrus sn cp (Rb, Gr), Paralictus platyparius sn (MH); Halictidae (Sphecodini): Sphecodes spp. sn (Re), Sphecodes clematidis sn (Gr), Sphecodes cressonii sn (Gr), Sphecodes davisii sn (Gr), Sphecodes dichroa sn (Gr), Sphecodes ranunculi sn, Sphecodes stygius sn (MH); Colletidae (Colletinae): Colletes americana sn cp (Rb, Gr), Colletes compactus sn cp; Colletidae (Hylaeinae): Hylaeus mesillae sn (Rb, Gr, Re), Hylaeus modestus modestus sn (Gr); Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena asteris sn cp olg (Rb, Gr, Re, Kr), Andrena asteroides cp olg (Kr), Andrena hirticincta sn cp olg (Gr, Re), Andrena nubecula sn olg, Andrena simplex sn cp olg (Rb, Re, Kr); Andrenidae (Panurginae): Heterosarus compositarum sn cp

Wasps
Sphecidae (Bembecinae): Bembix americana (Gr); Sphecidae (Crabroninae): Ectemnius continuus (Gr), Ectemnius maculosus (Gr), Ectemnius trifasciatus (Gr); Sphecidae (Larrinae): Liris argentata; Sphecidae (Philanthinae): Cerceris prominens, Eucerceris zonata, Philanthus gibbosus (Rb, Gr), Philanthus politus, Philanthus ventilabris (Gr); Sphecidae (Sphecinae):Ammophila kennedyi, Ammophila nigricans, Ammophila procera, Eremnophila aureonotata, Isodontia apicalis; Vespidae: Dolichovespula maculata (Rb, Gr), Polistes carolina fq, Polistes fuscata (Rb, Gr, Re), Vespula germanica; Vespidae (Eumeninae): Ancistrocerus adiabatus (Rb, Gr, Re), Ancistrocerus antilope (Rb, Gr), Ancistrocerus catskill, Eumenes fraterna, Euodynerus annulatus, Euodynerus foraminatus, Leionotus scrophulariae (Rb, MS), Stenodynerus anormis; Pompilidae: Episyron biguttatus; Tiphiidae: Myzinum quinquecincta; Ichneumonidae: Ichneumon laetus (Gr), Lissonota clypeator; Braconidae: Coeloides scolytivorus

Flies
Syrphidae: Allograpta obliqua (Gr), Eristalinus aeneus sn, Eristalis sp. (Re), Eristalis anthophorina (Gr), Eristalis arbustorum (Gr), Eristalis dimidiatus sn (Rb, Gr, Re), Eristalis flavipes (Gr), Eristalis stipator (Re), Eristalis tenax sn (Rb, Gr), Eristalis transversus sn (Rb, Gr), Eupeodes americanus sn (Rb, Gr), Helophilus fasciatus (Gr), Paragus tibialis (Gr), Parhelophilus laetus (Gr), Sphaerophoria contiqua sn (Rb, Gr), Spilomyia longicornis (Gr), Spilomyia sayi sn, Syritta pipiens sn (Rb, Gr), Syrphus ribesii sn, Toxomerus geminatus sn (Rb, Gr), Toxomerus marginatus sn (Rb, Gr, Re), Toxomerus politus (Gr), Tropidia quadrata (Gr); Bombyliidae: Sparnopolius confusus (Gr), Villa fulviana (Gr); Conopidae: Thecophora occidensis sn; Tachinidae: Archytas sp. (Re), Archytas analis (Gr), Archytas aterrima sn, Brachicoma sarcophagina (Gr), Copecrypta ruficauda (Gr), Estheria abdominalis sn, Gymnoclytia immaculata (Gr), Gymnosoma fuliginosum (Gr), Linnaemya comta sn (Rb, Gr), Leucostoma simplex (Gr), Phasia aeneoventris sn (Rb, Gr), Spallanzania hesperidarum sn (Rb, Gr), Tachinomyia panaetius (Gr), Trichopodes pennipes sn; Sarcophagidae: Helicobia sp. (Gr), Helicobia rapax (Gr), Ravinia anxia sn, Sphixapata trilineata sn (Rb, Gr); Calliphoridae: Calliphora vicina (Gr), Cochliomyia macellaria sn (Rb, Gr), Lucilia illustris sn (Rb, Gr), Lucilia sericata sn, Phormia regina sn, Pollenia rudis (Gr); Muscidae: Graphomya americana sn, Graphomya maculata (Gr), Musca domestica (Gr), Neomyia cornicina sn (Rb, Gr), Stomoxys calcitrans sn (Rb, Gr); Otitidae: Chaetopsis aenea sn

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Danaus plexippus (Gr), Limenitis arthemis astyanax (Gr), Nymphalis antiopa (Gr), Phyciodes tharos, Polygonia comma (Gr), Vanessa atalanta (Gr), Vanessa cardui, Vanessa virginiensis; Lycaenidae: Celastrina argiolus; Pieridae: Colias sp. (Re), Colias philodice, Pieris rapae (Rb, Gr), Pontia protodice (Rb, Gr)

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Atalopedes campestris, Erynnis martialis, Polites peckius

Moths
Noctuidae: Anagrapha falcifera (Rb, Gr); Sesiidae: Cisseps fulvicollis

Beetles
Cantharidae: Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus sn fq; Cerambycidae: Megacyllene robiniae fp np; Chrysomelidae: Diabrotica undecimpunctata (Gr); Meloidae: Epicauta pensylvanica (Gr); Scarabaeidae (Cetoniidae): Euphoria sepulcralis fp np

Plant Bugs
Alydidae: Alydus eurinus sn; Miridae: Lygus lineolaris (Gr)

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