Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

General: Aster family (Asteraceae). White panicle aster is a perennial growing up to two meters tall. The leaves are alternate, long, narrow, widest near the middle, and sometimes irregularly toothed along the edges, ranging up to six inches long (Ladd 1995). The flower heads are in an open, leafy, conical cluster at the top of the plant (Ibid.). The flowers are hermaphrodite (having both male and female organs) and are pollinated by bees, butterflies, flies, beetles and moths.

Distribution: White panicle aster ranges from Maine and south to South Carolina, west Texas and North Dakota. For current distribution, please consult the Plant profile page for this species on the PLANTS Web site.

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USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center

Source: USDA NRCS PLANTS Database

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Alternative names

panicled aster, Aster lanceolatus

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USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center

Source: USDA NRCS PLANTS Database

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Distribution

Adaptation

This plant is common throughout the tallgrass region in wet prairies, low wet depressions and along streams (Ladd 1995). It requires well-drained soil and prefers sandy, loamy and clay soils. This species can grow on nutritionally poor soil but prefers rich soil. It grows well in a sunny location and can succeed in partial shade.

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USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center

Source: USDA NRCS PLANTS Database

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Ecology

Dispersal

Establishment

Propagation by Seed: Seeds should be sown fresh in the fall or spring (Heuser 1997). Pre-chill spring sown seeds to improve germination (Ibid.). When the seedlings are large enough to handle, place them into individual pots and plant them out in the summer.

Division of this species should be done in the spring or autumn. Large divisions can be planted into their permanent positions whereas smaller clumps should be kept in a cold frame until they are growing well.

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USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center

Source: USDA NRCS PLANTS Database

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Associations

Flower-Visiting Insects of Panicled Aster in Illinois

Aster lanceolatus (Panicled Aster)
(Bees suck nectar or collect pollen; flies suck nectar or feed on pollen; beetles feed on pollen & are non-pollinating, or they suck nectar; other insects suck nectar; observations are from Robertson, Graenicher, Hilty, LaBerge, Moure & Hurd, Reed, Krombein et al., and Grundel et al. as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn (Rb, Gr, H, Gnd); Apidae (Bombini): Bombus affinis (Re), Bombus griseocallis sn cp (Gr, Re), Bombus impatiens sn (Rb, Re), Bombus pensylvanica sn (Rb), Bombus vagans (Re); Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina sp. (Re), Ceratina dupla dupla sn (Rb, Gr); Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Melissodes bimaculata bimaculata (LB), Melissodes boltoniae sn cp (Rb), Melissodes rustica sn cp (Rb), Melissodes subillata (Re); Anthophoridae (Xylocopini): Xylocopa virginica sn (Gr); Megachilidae (Coelioxini): Coelioxys octodentata sn (Rb); Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile brevis brevis sn cp (Rb), Megachile latimanus sn (Rb), Megachile mucida (Gr), Megachile relativa (Re); Megachilidae (Trypetini): Heriades leavitti sn (Rb)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon sericea sn (Rb, Gr), Agapostemon splendens (Re), Agapostemon texanus texanus (Re), Agapostemon virescens sn cp (Gr, Re), Augochlora purus purus sn (Gr), Augochlorella aurata sn (Rb), Augochlorella striata sn (Rb, Re), Augochloropsis metallica metallica (MH), Halictus sp. (Lasiglossum sp.) sn (Gr), Halictus confusus sn (Rb, Gr), Halictus ligatus sn cp fq (Rb, Gr, Re, Gnd), Halictus rubicundus sn (Rb), Lasioglossum albipennis sn (Gr), Lasioglossum connexus sn cp (Gr), Lasioglossum coriaceus sn (Rb, Gr), Lasioglossum forbesii sn (Rb), Lasioglossum fuscipennis (MH), Lasioglossum imitatus sn cp fq (Rb), Lasioglossum paraforbesii (Re), Lasioglossum pectoralis sn (Rb), Lasioglossum pilosus (Re), Lasioglossum tegularis (MH), Lasioglossum versatus sn cp (Rb, Gr), Lasioglossum zephyrus sn cp (Rb, Gr), Paralictus platyparius sn (MH); Halictidae (Sphecodini): Sphecodes spp. sn (Re), Sphecodes clematidis sn (Gr), Sphecodes cressonii sn (Gr), Sphecodes davisii sn (Gr), Sphecodes dichroa sn (Gr), Sphecodes ranunculi sn (Rb), Sphecodes stygius sn (MH); Colletidae (Colletinae): Colletes americana sn cp (Rb, Gr), Colletes compactus sn cp (Rb); Colletidae (Hylaeinae): Hylaeus mesillae sn (Rb, Gr, Re), Hylaeus modestus modestus sn (Gr); Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena asteris sn cp olg (Rb, Gr, Re, Kr), Andrena asteroides cp olg (Kr), Andrena hirticincta sn cp olg (Gr, Re), Andrena nubecula sn olg (Rb), Andrena simplex sn cp olg (Rb, Re, Kr); Andrenidae (Panurginae): Heterosarus compositarum sn cp (Rb)

Wasps
Sphecidae (Bembecinae): Bembix americana (Gr); Sphecidae (Crabroninae): Ectemnius continuus (Gr), Ectemnius maculosus (Gr), Ectemnius trifasciatus (Gr); Sphecidae (Larrinae): Liris argentata (Rb); Sphecidae (Philanthinae): Cerceris prominens (Rb), Eucerceris zonata (Rb), Philanthus gibbosus (Rb, Gr), Philanthus politus (Rb), Philanthus ventilabris (Gr); Sphecidae (Sphecinae):Ammophila kennedyi (Rb), Ammophila nigricans (Rb), Ammophila procera (Rb), Eremnophila aureonotata (Rb), Isodontia apicalis (Rb); Vespidae: Dolichovespula maculata (Rb, Gr), Polistes carolina fq (Rb), Polistes fuscata (Rb, Gr, Re), Vespula germanica (Rb); Vespidae (Eumeninae): Ancistrocerus adiabatus (Rb, Gr, Re), Ancistrocerus antilope (Rb, Gr), Ancistrocerus catskill (Rb), Eumenes fraterna (Rb), Euodynerus annulatus (Rb), Euodynerus foraminatus (Rb), Leionotus scrophulariae (Rb, MS), Stenodynerus anormis (Rb); Pompilidae: Episyron biguttatus (Rb); Tiphiidae: Myzinum quinquecincta (Rb); Ichneumonidae: Ichneumon laetus (Gr), Lissonota clypeator (Rb); Braconidae: Coeloides scolytivorus (Rb)

Flies
Syrphidae: Allograpta obliqua (Gr), Eristalinus aeneus sn (Rb), Eristalis sp. (Re), Eristalis anthophorina (Gr), Eristalis arbustorum (Gr), Eristalis dimidiatus sn (Rb, Gr, Re), Eristalis flavipes (Gr), Eristalis stipator (Re), Eristalis tenax sn (Rb, Gr), Eristalis transversus sn (Rb, Gr), Eupeodes americanus sn (Rb, Gr), Helophilus fasciatus (Gr), Paragus tibialis (Gr), Parhelophilus laetus (Gr), Sphaerophoria contiqua sn (Rb, Gr), Spilomyia longicornis (Gr), Spilomyia sayi sn (Rb), Syritta pipiens sn (Rb, Gr), Syrphus ribesii sn (Rb), Toxomerus geminatus sn (Rb, Gr), Toxomerus marginatus sn (Rb, Gr, Re), Toxomerus politus (Gr), Tropidia quadrata (Gr); Bombyliidae: Sparnopolius confusus (Gr), Villa fulviana (Gr); Conopidae: Thecophora occidensis sn (Rb); Tachinidae: Archytas sp. (Re), Archytas analis (Gr), Archytas aterrima sn (Rb), Brachicoma sarcophagina (Gr), Copecrypta ruficauda (Gr), Estheria abdominalis sn (Rb), Gymnoclytia immaculata (Gr), Gymnosoma fuliginosum (Gr), Linnaemya comta sn (Rb, Gr), Leucostoma simplex (Gr), Phasia aeneoventris sn (Rb, Gr), Spallanzania hesperidarum sn (Rb, Gr), Tachinomyia panaetius (Gr), Trichopodes pennipes sn (Rb); Sarcophagidae: Helicobia sp. (Gr), Helicobia rapax (Gr), Ravinia anxia sn (Rb), Sphixapata trilineata sn (Rb, Gr); Calliphoridae: Calliphora vicina (Gr), Cochliomyia macellaria sn (Rb, Gr), Lucilia illustris sn (Rb, Gr), Lucilia sericata sn (Rb), Phormia regina sn (Rb), Pollenia rudis (Gr); Muscidae: Graphomya americana sn (Rb), Graphomya maculata (Gr), Musca domestica (Gr), Neomyia cornicina sn (Rb, Gr), Stomoxys calcitrans sn (Rb, Gr); Otitidae: Chaetopsis aenea sn (Rb)

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Danaus plexippus (Gr), Limenitis arthemis astyanax (Gr), Nymphalis antiopa (Gr), Phyciodes tharos (Rb), Polygonia comma (Gr), Vanessa atalanta (Gr), Vanessa cardui (Rb), Vanessa virginiensis (Rb); Lycaenidae: Celastrina argiolus (Rb); Pieridae: Colias sp. (Re), Colias philodice (Rb), Pieris rapae (Rb, Gr), Pontia protodice (Rb, Gr)

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Atalopedes campestris (Rb), Erynnis martialis (Rb), Polites peckius (Rb)

Moths
Noctuidae: Anagrapha falcifera (Rb, Gr); Sesiidae: Cisseps fulvicollis (Rb)

Beetles
Cantharidae: Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus sn fq (Rb); Cerambycidae: Megacyllene robiniae fp np (Rb); Chrysomelidae: Diabrotica undecimpunctata (Gr); Meloidae: Epicauta pensylvanica (Gr); Scarabaeidae (Cetoniidae): Euphoria sepulcralis fp np (Rb)

Plant Bugs
Alydidae: Alydus eurinus sn (Rb); Miridae: Lygus lineolaris (Gr)

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Conservation

Conservation Status

Status

Please consult the Plants Web site and your State Department of Natural Resources for this plant’s current status, such as, state noxious status and wetland indicator values.

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USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center

Source: USDA NRCS PLANTS Database

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Management

Cultivars, improved and selected materials (and area of origin)

Occasionally available through native plant nurseries within its range. Contact your local Natural Resources Conservation Service (formerly Soil Conservation Service) office for more information. Look in the phone book under ”United States Government.” The Natural Resources Conservation Service will be listed under the subheading “Department of Agriculture.”

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Source: USDA NRCS PLANTS Database

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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Uses

Ethnobotanic: The dried and powdered plant was used as a salve on abrasions (Moerman 1998). A decoction of the plant was used to dress wounds (Ibid.). Smoke from the crushed blossoms was inhaled in the treatment of nosebleeds.

Wildlife: White panicle aster is known for attracting butterflies and moths to areas where it is found growing. This is a good bee plant providing nectar in the autumn. Most species in this genus seem to be immune to the predications of rabbits (Thomas 1990).

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