Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.


Name Relationship
Littorinidae Gray, 1840 Preferred
Nodolittorina Synonym
Liralittorina Rosewater 1981
Planilittorina Reid 1989
Algaroda Dall, 1918
Littorinopsis Mörch 1876
Rufolacuna Ponder 1976
Aquilonaria Dall, 1886
Echinellopsis Rovereto 1899
Cremnobates Blanford 1863
Loevilittorina Cossmann 1925
Littorivaga Dall, 1918
Streblorhamphus Cossmann 1915
Streblorhamphus Tate & Cossman in Tate, 1897
Protolittoraria Reid 1989
Bulimilittorina Reid 1989
Lamellilitorina Tryon in Tryon & Pilsbry, 1887
Littorelaea Leach 1847
Palustorina Reid 1986
Melarraphe Martens 1897
Pellilacunella Powell 1951
Medonia Paetel 1875
Corneolitorina Powell 1951
Melaphehe Sacco 1895
Turbinarius Duméril 1806
Echininiopsis D.G. Reid, 1989
Granulilittorina Habe & Kosuge 1966
Lissoconchus Thiele 1929
Melephene Sacco 1895
Ezolittorina Habe, 1958
Melarapta Simroth in Bronn, 1907
Lacunitunica Golikov & Gulbin 1978
Haloconcha Dall, 1886
Melaraphis Schaufuss 1869
Melaraphe Menke 1828
Cremoconchus Simroth in Bronn, 1907
Melarrhaphe Martens 1897
Pellilittorina Thiele 1903
Tectarium Fischer 1885
Rissolittorina Ponder 1966
Pellitorina Lamy 1907
Echinella Swainson 1840
Nina Gray 1850
Neritrema Récluz 1869
Tectininus Clench & Abbott 1942
Tectaria Guérin-Ménéville 1829-43
Cidaris Röding 1798
Litormia Mörch 1849
Cricostoma Mörch, 1857
Epheria Leach 1847
Lacunaria Dall 1885
Macquariella Finlay 1927
Medoria Gray 1840
Medoria Gray, 1842
Pagodella Swainson 1840
Risella Gray 1847
Melarpha Paetel 1875
Medona Mörch, 1860
Bacalia H. Adams & A. Adams, 1854
Neritoides Brown, 1827
Littornia Jenkins & Grocock 1891
Pagodus Gray in Beechey, 1839
Boetica Dall 1918
Litorina Menke, 1828
Melarhophe Hall 1867
Littorrina Gabb 1861
Lithorina Hartmann 1840
Lacunella Dall 1884
Melaphra Weyenbergh, 1875
Litorinna Dall 1884
Melarapha Cristofori & Jan 1832
Isonema Hall, 1891
Littorivage Dall, 1918
Litonia Weinkauff, 1878
Neritotrema Wenz, 1939
Lineolittorina Reid, 2009
Amerolittorina Reid, 2009
Brevilittorina Golikov, Dolgolenko, Maximovich & Scarlato, 1990


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