The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Eschmeyer, William N. 1990. Genera of Recent Fishes. iii + 697
- Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, no. 1, vol 1-3. 2905
- Gilbert, Charles H. 1904. Fishes of Panama Bay. Stanford, CA : Stanford University. Contributions to Biology from the Hopkins Seaside Laboratory of the Leland Stanford Jr. University : v.32; Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences: v.4; Plate XXXIII , Fig. 62
- Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600
- Shiino, Sueo M. 1976. List of Common Names of Fishes of the World, Those Prevailing among English-speaking Nations. Science Report of Shima Marineland, no. 4. 262