Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 2553 specimens in 69 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1060 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 1472
  Temperature range (°C): 3.242 - 27.859
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.144 - 41.751
  Salinity (PPS): 30.131 - 37.596
  Oxygen (ml/l): 0.373 - 7.002
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.019 - 3.114
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.756 - 120.725

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 1472

Temperature range (°C): 3.242 - 27.859

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.144 - 41.751

Salinity (PPS): 30.131 - 37.596

Oxygen (ml/l): 0.373 - 7.002

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.019 - 3.114

Silicate (umol/l): 0.756 - 120.725
 
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records: 220
Specimens with Sequences: 177
Specimens with Barcodes: 174
Species: 32
Species With Barcodes: 27
Public Records: 110
Public Species: 17
Public BINs: 21
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Symphurus cf. microrhynchus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

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Wikipedia

Symphurus

Symphurus is a genus of tonguefishes found in the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Most species mainly occur in relatively shallow water, including estuaries. Some species are also found in deeper water, including S. thermophilus that lives at hydrothermal vents (the only flatfish known from this habitat).[1][2]

Symphurus species are distinguished by merged dorsal, caudal, and anal fins, the absence of a lateral line and pectoral fins, and the presence of only one pelvic fin. They are sinistral flatfishes, meaning that as adults, their crania are asymmetrical, with both eyes on the left side. The largest species grows to about 32 cm (1 ft) long.[3]

Species[edit]

The 74 currently recognized species in this genus are:[3]

Spottedfin tonguefish, S. diomedeanus

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tyler, J. (2005). Distribution, population characteristics and trophic ecology of a sulphophilic hydrothermal vent tonguefish (Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae) M.Sc. Thesis. University of Victoria: Canada.
  2. ^ Munroe, T.A. and Hashimoto, J. (2008). A new Western Pacific Tonguefish (Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae): The first Pleuronectiform discovered at active Hydrothermal Vents. Zootaxa 1839: 43–59.
  3. ^ a b Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). Species of Symphurus in FishBase. October 2012 version.
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