Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 5491 specimens in 6 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 3138 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): -9 - 549
  Temperature range (°C): 6.608 - 25.634
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.286 - 14.675
  Salinity (PPS): 22.343 - 38.781
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.728 - 7.118
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.088 - 1.665
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.756 - 10.823

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): -9 - 549

Temperature range (°C): 6.608 - 25.634

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.286 - 14.675

Salinity (PPS): 22.343 - 38.781

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.728 - 7.118

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.088 - 1.665

Silicate (umol/l): 0.756 - 10.823
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records: 147
Specimens with Sequences: 129
Specimens with Barcodes: 112
Species: 5
Species With Barcodes: 5
Public Records: 70
Public Species: 4
Public BINs: 4
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Red mullet

The red mullets or surmullets are two species of goatfish, Mullus barbatus and Mullus surmuletus, found in the Mediterranean Sea, east North Atlantic Ocean, and the Black Sea. Both "red mullet" and "surmullet" can also refer to the Mullidae in general.

Though they can easily be distinguished—M. surmuletus has a striped first dorsal fin—their common names overlap in many of the languages of the region. In English, M. surmuletus is sometimes called the striped red mullet.

They are both favored delicacies in the Mediterranean, and in antiquity were "one of the most famous and valued fish". They are very similar, and cooked in the same ways. M. surmuletus is perhaps somewhat more prized.[1] The ancient Romans reared them in ponds where they were attended and caressed by their owners, and taught to come to be fed at the sound of the voice or bell of the keeper. Specimens were sometimes sold for their weight in silver. Pliny cites a case in which a large sum was paid for a single fish, and an extraordinary expenditure of time was lavished upon these slow-learning pets. Juvenal and other satirists descanted upon the height to which the pursuit of this luxury was carried as a type of extravagance.[2] The statesman Titus Annius Milo, exiled to Marseille in 52 B.C., joked that he would have no regrets as long as he could eat the delicious red mullet of Marseille.

Despite the English name "red mullet", these fishes of the goatfish family Mullidae are not closely related to many other species called "mullet", which are members of the grey mullet family Mugilidae.

The word "surmullet" comes from the French, and ultimately probably from a Germanic root "sor" 'reddish brown'.[3]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Davidson, p. 109
  2. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainRines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Mullet". Encyclopedia Americana. 
  3. ^ American Heritage Dictionary s.v. surmullet
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Mullus

Mullus is a subtropical marine genus of perciform fish of the family Mullidae (goatfish) and includes the red mullets, occurring mainly in the southwest Atlantic near the South American coast and in the Eastern Atlantic including the Mediterranean and the Black Sea.[2] These fish are bottom dwelling over sands and muds.

Species[edit]

There are currently four recognized species in this genus:[3]

Species[4]Common name[4]Environment & range[5]IUCN status[6]
Mullus argentinae C. L. Hubbs & Marini, 1933Argentine goatfishSouthwestern Atlantic Ocean; Marine; subtropical; demersalNE*
Mullus auratus D. S. Jordan & C. H. Gilbert, 1882Red goatfishWestern Atlantic Ocean; Marine; subtropical; demersalNE
Mullus barbatusT Linnaeus, 1758Red mulletEastern Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea & Black Sea; Marine; subtropical; demersalNE
Mullus surmuletus Linnaeus, 1758SurmulletEastern Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea & Black Sea; Marine; subtropical; demersalNE

*) NE - not evaluated
T) Type species

References[edit]

  1. ^ Linnaeus, C., 1758: Systema Naturae, Ed. X. (Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata.) Holmiae. Systema Naturae, Ed. X. v. 1: i-ii + 1-824.
  2. ^ Johnson, G.D. & Gill, A.C. (1998). Paxton, J.R. & Eschmeyer, W.N., ed. Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. p. 186. ISBN 0-12-547665-5. 
  3. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2013). Species of Mullus in FishBase. December 2013 version.
  4. ^ a b Fish Identification at FishBase. Family Mullidae
  5. ^ Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986: A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p.
  6. ^ The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
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