Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 2652 specimens in 29 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1738 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 274
  Temperature range (°C): 15.526 - 29.336
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.004 - 14.749
  Salinity (PPS): 32.183 - 39.819
  Oxygen (ml/l): 1.775 - 5.079
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.055 - 1.171
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.380 - 19.050

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 274

Temperature range (°C): 15.526 - 29.336

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.004 - 14.749

Salinity (PPS): 32.183 - 39.819

Oxygen (ml/l): 1.775 - 5.079

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.055 - 1.171

Silicate (umol/l): 0.380 - 19.050
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:479Public Records:114
Specimens with Sequences:401Public Species:16
Specimens with Barcodes:399Public BINs:22
Species:27         
Species With Barcodes:27         
          
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Parupeneus cf. barberinus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Barcode data

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Parupeneus

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Wikipedia

Parupeneus

Parupeneus is a genus of goatfishes native to the Indian and Pacific oceans.[2]

A school of yellow-striped goatfish (Parupeneus chrysopleuron) and whitesaddle goatfish searching food on the sandy bottom, northeast coast, Taiwan

Species[edit]

There are currently 32 recognized species in this genus:[2]

Species[3]Common name[3]Environment & range[4]IUCN status[5]
Parupeneus angulatus J. E. Randall & Heemstra, 2009Western Indian Ocean from around the Seychelles; Marine; topical; reef-dwellingNE*
Parupeneus barberinoides (Bleeker, 1852)Bicolor goatfishWestern Pacific Ocean; Marine; topical; reef-dwellingNE
Parupeneus barberinusT (Lacépède, 1801)Dash-and-dot goatfishIndian and Pacific Oceans; Marine; topical; reef-dwellingNE
Parupeneus biaculeatus (J. Richardson, 1846)Pointed goatfishNorthwestern Pacific Ocean; Marine; subtopicalNE
Parupeneus chrysonemus (D. S. Jordan & Evermann, 1903)Yellow-threaded goatfishPacific Ocean around Hawaii and the Johnston Islands; Marine; topical; demersalNE
Parupeneus chrysopleuron (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)Yellow-striped goatfishIndian Ocean & western Pacific Ocean; Marine; topical; demersalNE
Parupeneus ciliatus (Lacépède, 1802)Whitesaddle goatfishIndian Ocean & western Pacific Ocean; Marine; topical; reef-dwellingNE
Parupeneus crassilabris (Valenciennes, 1831)Doublebar goatfishIndian Ocean & western Pacific Ocean; Marine; topical; reef-dwellingNE
Parupeneus cyclostomus (Lacépède, 1801)Goldsaddle goatfishIndian and Pacific Oceans; Marine; topical; reef-dwellingNE
Parupeneus diagonalis J. E. Randall, 2004Western Indian Ocean; Marine; topical; reef-dwellingNE
Parupeneus forsskali (Fourmanoir & Guézé, 1976)Red Sea goatfishWestern Indian Ocean to Red Sea, established in Mediterranean Sea via Suez Canal; Marine; subtopical; reef-dwellingNE
Parupeneus fraserorum J. E. Randall & D. R. King, 2009Western Indian Ocean; Marine; topical; reef-dwellingNE
Parupeneus heptacanthus (Lacépède, 1802)Cinnabar goatfishIndian Ocean & western Pacific Ocean; Marine; topical; reef-dwellingNE
Parupeneus indicus (G. Shaw, 1803)Indian goatfishIndian Ocean & western Pacific Ocean; Marine; topical; reef-dwellingNE
Parupeneus insularis J. E. Randall & R. F. Myers, 2002Twosaddle goatfishCentral eastern Pacific Ocean; Marine; topical; reef-dwellingNE
Parupeneus jansenii (Bleeker, 1856)Jansen's GoatfishWestern Pacific Ocean; Marine; topical; demersalNE
Parupeneus louise J. E. Randall, 2004Central Pacific Ocean; Marine; topical; reef-dwellingNE
Parupeneus macronemus (Lacépède, 1801)Longbarbel goatfishIndian Ocean & western Pacific Ocean; Marine; topical; reef-dwellingNE
Parupeneus margaritatus J. E. Randall & Guézé, 1984Pearly goatfishWestern Indian Ocean; Marine; topical; reef-dwellingNE
Parupeneus minys J. E. Randall & Heemstra, 2009Western Indian Ocean; Marine; topical; reef-dwellingNE
Parupeneus moffitti J. E. Randall & R. F. Myers, 1993Western Pacific Ocean; Marine; topical; pelagic-neriticNE
Parupeneus multifasciatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)Manybar goatfishPacific Ocean; Marine; topical; reef-dwellingLC**
Parupeneus nansen J. E. Randall & Heemstra, 2009Western Indian Ocean; Marine; topical; reef-dwellingNE
Parupeneus orientalis (Fowler, 1933)Rapanui GoatfishPacific Ocean waters of Easter Island; Marine; topical; demersalNE
Parupeneus pleurostigma (E. T. Bennett, 1831)Sidespot goatfishIndian and Pacific Oceans; Marine; topical; reef-dwellingNE
Parupeneus porphyreus (O. P. Jenkins, 1903)Pacific Ocean around Hawaii; Marine; topical; reef-dwellingNE
Parupeneus posteli Fourmanoir & Guézé, 1967Indian Ocean waters around Réunion; Marine; topical; demersalLC
Parupeneus procerigena B. J. Kim & Amaoka, 2001Saya de Malha Bank in the western Indian Ocean; Marine; topical; demersalNE
Parupeneus rubescens (Lacépède, 1801)Rosy goatfishIndian Ocean & western Pacific Ocean; Marine; topical; reef-dwellingNE
Parupeneus seychellensis (J. L. B. Smith & M. M. Smith, 1963)Western Indian Ocean; Marine; subtopical; reef-dwellingNE
Parupeneus spilurus (Bleeker, 1854)Blackspot goatfishWestern Pacific Ocean; Marine; topical; reef-dwellingNE
Parupeneus trifasciatus (Lacépède, 1801)Doublebar GoatfishIndian Ocean; Marine; topical; reef-dwellingNE

*) NE - Not Evaluated
**) LC - Least Concern
T) Type species

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bleeker, P. 1863: Onzième notice sur la faune ichthyologique de l'île de Ternate. Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 1: 228-238.
  2. ^ a b Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2013). Species of Parupeneus in FishBase. December 2013 version.
  3. ^ a b Fish Identification at FishBase. Family Mullidae
  4. ^ Randall, J.E. 2004: Revision of the goatfish genus Parupeneus (Perciformes: Mullidae), with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes, (36): 64 p.
  5. ^ The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
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