The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Eschmeyer, William N. 1990. Genera of Recent Fishes. iii + 697
- Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, no. 1, vol 1-3. 2905
- Hamilton, Robert. 1866. British Fishes, Part II. London, England : Chatto and Windus. Naturalist's Library, vol. 37; Facing page 274
- McIntosh, William Carmichael. 1921. Resources of the Sea : as Shown in the Scientific Experiments to Test the Effects of Trawling and of the Closure of Certain Areas Off the Scottish Shores. Cambridge, England : University Press; Fig.4
- Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600
- Shiino, Sueo M. 1976. List of Common Names of Fishes of the World, Those Prevailing among English-speaking Nations. Science Report of Shima Marineland, no. 4. 262