The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Collins, J. T. 1990. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians and Reptiles, Third Edition. ii + 41
- Conant, R., and J. T. Collins. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians, Eastern and Central North America, Third Edition. 450
- Rossman, D. A., N. B. Ford, and R. A. Seigel. 1996. The Garter Snakes: Evolution and Ecology. v + 332
- Syntype: Cope, E. D. 1892. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 14 (882): 662.
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