The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bouchet, P. (2014). Cliopsidae O. G. Costa, 1873. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Spoel, Siebrecht van der, and José R. Dadon / Boltovskoy, Demetrio, ed. 1999. Pteropoda. South Antlantic Zooplankton, vol. 1. 649-706
  • Spoel, Siebrecht van der. 1976. Pseudothecosomata, Gymnosomata and Heteropoda (Gastropoda). 484
  • Spoel, V D. S. (1976). Pseudothecosomata, gymnosomata and heteropoda (gastropoda). 484. Amsterdam: Bohn, Scheltema & Holkeme Utrecht.
  • Turgeon, D. D., J. F. Quinn, Jr., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, F. G. Hochberg, W. G. Lyons, et al. 1998. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, 2nd ed. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 26. 526


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