Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)

Name Relationship
Syngnathus Linnaeus, 1758 Preferred
Dermatostethus Gill, 1862 Junior synonym


Name Relationship
Syngnathus Linnaeus, 1758 Preferred
Syngnathus leiaspis Bleeker, 1853 Synonym
Syngnathus retzii Bleeker, 1856
Syngnathus curtirostris Castelnau, 1872
Syngnathus investigatoris Hora, 1926
Syngnathus tapeinosoma Bleeker, 1854
Syngnathus micronotopterus Fowler, 1938
Syngnathus corrugatus Weber, 1913
Syngnathus tetropthalmus Bleeker, 1858
Syngnathus bicoarctatus Bleeker, 1857
Syngnathus vercoi Waite & Hale, 1921
Syngnathus brevirostris Rüppell, 1838
Syngnathus tigris Castelnau, 1879
Syngnathus deokhatoides Bleeker, 1853
Syngnathus anguisigola Nardo, 1847
Syngnathus pyrois Risso, 1827
Syngnathus rotundatus Michahelles, 1829
Syngnathus watermayeri Smith, 1963
Syngnathus rousseau Kaup, 1856
Syngnathus ophidion Linnaeus, 1758
Syngnathus elucens Poey, 1868
Syngnathus olssoni Johnels, 1954
Syngnathus pulchellus Boulenger, 1915
Syngnathus argyrostictus Kaup, 1856
Syngnathus matterni (Fowler, 1918)
Syngnathus wardi (Whitley, 1948)
Syngnathus carce Hamilton, 1822
Syngnathus biserialis Kaup, 1856
Syngnathus altirostris Ogilby, 1890
Syngnathus andersonii Bleeker, 1858
Syngnathus kaupi Bleeker, 1863
Syngnathus agassizii Michahelles, 1829
Syngnathus algeriensis Günther, 1870
Syngnathus rubescens Risso, 1810
Syngnathus brachyrhynchus Kaup, 1856
Syngnathus delalandi Kaup, 1856
Syngnathus kaupii (Bleeker, 1863)
Syngnathus punctatus Weber, 1913
Syngnathus fluviatilis Peters, 1852
Syngnathus biaculeatus Bloch, 1785
Syngnathus manadensis Bleeker, 1856
Syngnathus crenulatus Weber, 1913
Syngnathus brachyurus Bleeker, 1854
Syngnathus conspicillatus Jenyns, 1842
Syngnathus haematopterus Bleeker, 1851
Syngnathus ethon Risso, 1827
Syngnathus jullieni Sauvage, 1874
Syngnathus serratus Temminck & Schlegel, 1850
Syngnathus tuckeri Scott, 1942
Syngnathus fasciatus Risso, 1810
Syngnathus ponticus Pallas, 1814
Syngnathus argulus Peters, 1855
Syngnathus banneri Herald & Randall, 1972
Syngnathus hardwickii Gray, 1830
Syngnathus budi Bleeker, 1856
Syngnathus ansorgii Boulenger, 1910
Syngnathus zambezensis Peters, 1855
Syngnathus trachypoma Günther, 1884
Syngnathus helfrichii Bleeker, 1855
Syngnathus mollisoni Scott, 1955
Syngnathus heterosoma Bleeker, 1851
Syngnathus agassizi Michahelles, 1829
Syngnathus caretta Klunzinger , 1880
Syngnathus zanzibarensis Günther, 1867
Syngnathus gastrotaenia Bleeker, 1853
Syngnathus caldwelli Herald & Randall, 1972
Syngnathus dactyliophorus Bleeker, 1853
Syngnathus nitidus Günther, 1873
Syngnathus boaja Bleeker, 1851
Syngnathus cuncalus Hamilton, 1822
Syngnathus brachysoma Bleeker, 1855
Syngnathus perlatus Lay & Bennett, 1839
Syngnathus viridis Risso, 1810
Syngnathus cyanospilos Bleeker, 1854
Syngnathus tetrophthalmus Bleeker, 1858
Syngnathus hildebrandi Herald, 1965
Syngnathus sauvagei Whitley, 1929
Syngnathus randalli Herald, 1965
Syngnathus crinitus Jenyns, 1842
Syngnathus maxweberi Whitley, 1933
Syngnathus flavofasciatus Rüppell, 1838
Syngnathus penicillus Cantor, 1849
Syngnathus torrei (Nichols, 1912)
Syngnathus verreauxianus Duméril, 1870
Syngnathus kuhlii Kaup, 1856
Syngnathus blainvilleanus Eydoux & Gervais, 1837
Syngnathus foliatus Shaw 1804
Syngnathus hunnii Bleeker, 1860
Syngnathus caspius Eichwald, 1831
Syngnathus lumbriciformis Jenyns, 1835
Syngnathus parviceps Ramsay & Ogilby, 1886
Syngnathus dunckeri Metzelaar, 1919
Syngnathus phillipi Lucas, 1891
Syngnathus independencia Hildebrand, 1946
Syngnathus acicularis Jenyns, 1842
Syngnathus argentatus Pallas, 1814
Syngnathus pelagicus Risso, 1810
Syngnathus nigrolineatus Eichwald, 1831
Syngnathus koilomatodon Bleeker, 1858
Syngnathus uncinatus Weber, 1913
Syngnathus brevicaudus Castelnau, 1875
Syngnathus platyrhynchus Duméril, 1870
Syngnathus acusimilis Günther, 1873
Syngnathus martensii Peters, 1868
Syngnathus margaritifer Peters, 1868
Syngnathus spicifer Rüppell, 1838
Syngnathus parvicarinatus Dawson, 1978
Syngnathus arctus (Jenkins & Evermann, 1889)
Syngnathus agassiz Michahelles, 1829
Syngnathus analicarens Duncker, 1915
Syngnathus gracilis Steindachner, 1901
Syngnathus cyanospilus Bleeker, 1854
Syngnathus microchirus Moreau, 1891
Syngnathus zonatus Károli, 1882
Syngnathus mossambicus Peters, 1855
Syngnathus deocata Hamilton, 1822
Syngnathus poecilolaemus Peters, 1868
Syngnathus rondeletii Delaroche, 1809
Syngnathus superciliaris Günther, 1880
Syngnathus argus Richardson, 1840
Syngnathus alternans Günther, 1870
Syngnathus hippocampus Linnaeus, 1758
Syngnathus balli (Fowler, 1925)
Syngnathus tweedlei Meek & Hildebrand, 1923
Syngnathus aequoreus Linnaeus, 1758
Syngnathus griseolineatus Ayres, 1854
Syngnathus fasciatus Gray, 1830
Syngnathus modestus Sauvage, 1879
Syngnathus bucculentus Rathke, 1837
Syngnathus polyacanthus Bleeker, 1856
Syngnathus norae Waite, 1910
Syngnathus coccineus Herald, 1940
Syngnathus mindii Meek & Hildebrand, 1923
Syngnathus papacinus Risso, 1810
Syngnathus mento Bleeker, 1856
Syngnathus semifasciatus Günther, 1870
Syngnathus fasciolatus Duméril, 1870
Syngnathus flavescens Kaup, 1856
Syngnathus djarong Bleeker, 1853
Syngnathus darrosanus Dawson & Randall, 1975
Syngnathus melanopleura Bleeker, 1858
Syngnathus temminckii Kaup, 1856
Syngnathus brachycephalus Poey, 1868
Syngnathus tetragonus Thunberg, 1776
Syngnathus cinctus Ramsay, 1882
Syngnathus cayennensis Sauvage 1882
Syngnathus caballus Larrañaga 1923
Syngnathus jonesii Günther 1874
Syngnathus thyphle Linnaeus, 1758
Syngnathus tetragonous Mitchill, 1814


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