The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Böhlke, E. B., J. E. Böhlke, M. M. Leiby, J. E. McCosker, et al. / Böhlke, Eugenia B., ed. 1989. Orders Anguilliformes and Saccopharyngiformes. Fishes of the Western North Atlantic, no. 1, pt. 9, vol. 1. xvii + 1-656
- Eschmeyer, William N. 1990. Genera of Recent Fishes. iii + 697
- Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, no. 1, vol 1-3. 2905
- Jordan, David Starr. 1907. Fishes. New York City, NY : Henry Holt and Company; Fig. 28
- Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600